Jennifer J. Waldron

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The development and validation of a thirty item, Likert-type scale designed to measure medical students' attitudes to psychiatry-the ATP-30 (Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items)-are described. We had hoped to demonstrate that 'attitude to psychiatry' was not a unitary matter but an amalgam of attitudes to a number of things to do with psychiatric practice.(More)
Forty patients suffering from a major depressive disorder, for whom electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was clinically indicated, were assigned to one of three electrode placement groups: bitemporal (BT), right unilateral (RU) or bifrontal (BF). Comparisons of these groups in terms of cognitive status showed that the BF placement, which avoided both temporal(More)
The Model of Competence Motivation (Harteg 1978) higlights how self-perceptions are influenced by individual and socialization fac tors. Using this model the present study investigated, quantitatively with a pretest and posttest design (N=34) and qualitatively via individual interviews (N=8), how involvement in the Girls on Track pogram (GOT) influenced the(More)
The effects of once- and twice-daily dosing with lithium carbonate were compared in a non-blind, cross-over study on 20 consecutive patients with mood disorders. Mental status, side effects and target organ function were examined after a minimum of a 1-month treatment with each regimen. Eighteen patients completed the study and 2 withdrew because of side(More)
In a double-blind, randomized controlled study of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with major depression, 7 of the 17 patients allocated to the right unilateral group failed to respond to treatment. The nonresponders were subsequently openly treated with bitemporal treatment, which produced an acceptable outcome in these cases of right unilateral(More)
The sleep of 10 bipolar patients was recorded for five consecutive nights following their recovery from a depressive episode. In all respects except the number of arousals, their sleep did not differ reliably from that of 10 sex and age-matched control subjects. We conclude that sleep measures are unlikely to be useful as trait markers of a depressive(More)
Fifty-nine patients suffering from a major depressive episode, for whom electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was clinically indicated, were randomly assigned to one of three electrode placement groups for treatment with brief pulse, threshold-level ECT: bitemporal (BT), right unilateral (RU) or bifrontal (BF). Comparison of these groups in terms of number of(More)
In patients allocated blindly and randomly to receive bitemporal, right unilateral, or bifrontal electroconvulsive therapy, seizure length, electrophysiologic characteristics (dynamic impedance, seizure threshold, and changes in threshold), and the degree of suprathreshold stimulation were recorded. The relations of these variables to clinical outcome and(More)
Framed within the psychosocial context of the sport ethic and social-approval goal orientation, 10 female and 11 male current collegiate or former high school athletes participated in individual interviews about their hazing experiences. Data analysis resulted in seven lower order themes and two higher order themes. The higher order theme of the general(More)
By chance, we were able to record for five consecutive nights the sleep of a 61-year-old woman before each of two successive depressive episodes. In this patient, marked changes in EEG sleep (notably a decline in "sleep efficiency") preceded both episodes. These changes are considered to be of predictive, but not of etiological, significance.