Jennifer J Preston

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OBJECTIVE There is growing interest in the potential benefits of public involvement (PI) in health and social care research. However, there has been little examination of values underpinning PI or how these values might differ for different groups with an interest in PI in the research process. We aimed to explore areas of consensus and conflict around(More)
UNLABELLED : Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is increasingly required, although evidence to inform its implementation is limited. OBJECTIVE Inform the evidence base by describing how plans for PPI were implemented within clinical trials and identifying the challenges and lessons learnt by research teams. METHODS We compared PPI plans(More)
BACKGROUND Training in patient and public involvement (PPI) is recommended, yet little is known about what training is needed. We explored researchers' and PPI contributors' accounts of PPI activity and training to inform the design of PPI training for both parties. METHODS We used semi-structured qualitative interviews with researchers (chief(More)
BACKGROUND Patient and public involvement (PPI) is advocated in clinical trials yet evidence on how to optimise its impact is limited. We explored researchers' and PPI contributors' accounts of the impact of PPI within trials and factors likely to influence its impact. METHODS Semi-structured qualitative interviews with researchers and PPI contributors(More)
STUDY DESIGN Preintervention and post-intervention, repeated-measures experimental design. OBJECTIVES The objective was to investigate the effects of foot orthoses with medial arch support on ankle inversion angle and plantar forces and pressures on the fifth metatarsal during landing for a basketball lay-up and during the stance phase of a shuttle run.(More)
BACKGROUND A small knee flexion angle in landing tasks was identified as a possible risk factor for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries that are common in sports. HYPOTHESIS A specially designed knee brace with a constraint to knee extension would significantly increase the knee flexion angle at the landing of athletic tasks preceded with(More)
BACKGROUND The British Paediatric Association, the forerunner of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), first published guidance in relation to research involving children in 1980. Prior to this time, little clinical research involved children. The 1980 guidance initiated a sea change, stating ‘research involving children is important’,(More)
50 mm long. with an Instron 1122 dynamometer at 20 ' C. Pneumatic clamps were used, and an extension rate of 2 mm/min was apphed, with a gauge width of 10 mm. To determine the equilibrium water sorption, polymer samples were previously conditioned at 100-C in vacuum over P,0, and then placed in a desicca-tor where 65% r.h. was maintained by means of NaNO,(More)