Jennifer J. Kang Derwent

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PURPOSE Psychophysical and electroretinographic (ERG) studies indicate that patients with Stargardt disease exhibit abnormally slow rod dark adaptation after illumination that bleaches a substantial fraction of rhodopsin. However, relatively little information is available concerning rod recovery in this disease after weaker adapting (i.e., conditioning)(More)
Electroretinographic (ERG) methods were used to determine response properties of mouse rod photoreceptors in vivo following adapting illumination that produced a significant extent of rhodopsin bleaching. Bleaching levels prevailing at approximately 10 min and approximately 20 min after the adapting exposure were on average 14 % and 9 %, respectively, based(More)
OBJECTIVE Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) are implicated in the etiology of diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Here, we show that some SOCS members are induced, while others are constitutively expressed, in retina and examine whether persistent elevation of SOCS levels in retina by chronic inflammation or cellular stress predisposes to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effects of a hereditary retinal degeneration on retinal oxygenation and determine whether it is responsible for the severe attenuation of retinal circulation in hereditary photoreceptor degenerations. METHODS Seven adult Abyssinian cats affected by hereditary retinal degeneration were studied. Oxygen microelectrodes were used to(More)
PURPOSE To examine phototransduction using the a-wave and other aspects of retinal function with the intraretinal b- and c-waves at different stages of an inherited photoreceptor degeneration in Abyssinian cats. METHODS Vitreal and intraretinal ERGs were recorded from eight dark-adapted, anesthetized Abyssinian cats. Brief bright flashes were used to(More)
It has often been assumed that the recovery of the a-wave from its trough is caused by the intrusion of the b-wave. This study examined the recovery following the a-wave trough using intraretinal recordings in dark-adapted intact cat retina. Adult cats were anesthetized and paralyzed. The vitreal ERG was recorded between the vitreous humor and a reference(More)
This paper studies the retinal vessel radius estimation and proposes a segmentation method for vessel center lines based on ridge descriptors. The study on radius estimation reveals that the radius estimation by the matched filters based on the second order derivatives of Gaussian kernels is only correct at the vessel center. The relation between the vessel(More)
Previous studies of rod photoreceptors in vivo have employed a paired-flash electroretinographic (ERG) technique to determine rod response properties. To test whether absence versus presence of the ERG b-wave affects the photoreceptor response derived by the paired-flash method, we examined paired-flash-derived responses obtained from nob mice, a mutant(More)
Kang Derwent and Linsenmeier (2000) reported that the a- and b-waves of the cat electroretinogram (ERG) are resistant to hypoxemia, at least for PaO2 above 40 mm Hg. The a-wave may be resistant because the photoreceptor can increase glycolysis during hypoxemia. This hypothesis was tested by making the animal hypoglycemic, which should minimize the ability(More)
PURPOSE Intact adult photoreceptors in culture can be a valuable tool in the search of therapies for retinal degenerations. The major challenge in this technique is that photoreceptors undergo an alteration in cytoarchitecture and loss of outer segment during the cell culture process. This study compared techniques for the isolation of photoreceptor cells(More)