Jennifer J. Gibson

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BACKGROUND Exposure to smoking in movies has been linked with adolescent smoking initiation in cross-sectional studies. We undertook a prospective study to ascertain whether exposure to smoking in movies predicts smoking initiation. METHOD We assessed exposure to smoking shown in movies in 3547 adolescents, aged 10-14 years, who reported in a baseline(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the impact of viewing depictions of alcohol in entertainment media on adolescent drinking behavior. Our aims were to assess drinking in a sample of popular contemporary movies and to examine the association of movie alcohol exposure with early-onset drinking in an adolescent sample. METHOD We conducted a school-based(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopic tomography was used to measure the properties of 24 mammographically normal breasts to quantify whole-breast absorption and scattering spectra and to evaluate which tissue composition characteristics can be determined from these spectra. The absorption spectrum of breast tissue allows quantification of (i) total hemoglobin(More)
BACKGROUND The alcohol industry spends over $5 billion a year on marketing, much of which is accessible to children. The distribution of branded articles of clothing and other personal items is one aspect of alcohol marketing that has not been adequately studied. In this study, the prevalence of ownership of alcohol-branded merchandise (ABM) was determined(More)
The 1G/2G polymorphism of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) affects activity of the promoter in transient transfections, and has been associated with the incidence or invasiveness of five types of cancer. In light of these findings, and because stromal cells may contribute to tumor cell invasion, we used quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR to(More)
OBJECTIVE Regional studies have linked exposure to movie smoking with adolescent smoking. We examined this association in a representative US sample. DESIGN/METHODS We conducted a random-digit-dial survey of 6522 US adolescents aged 10 to 14 years. Using previously validated methods, we estimated exposure to movie smoking, in 532 recent box-office hits,(More)
WHAT I am going to talk about is the relation of sensing to perceiving. We have all believed that we understood the process of sensation fairly well and that only the process of perception gave us difficulties. But I am going to suggest on the contrary that a straightforward theory of perception is possible and that it is our understanding of sensation(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if young adolescents who report that their parents restrict viewing R-rated movies have a lower risk of trying smoking in the future. DESIGN Prospective observational study. Students from 15 schools in New Hampshire and Vermont, randomly selected from all middle schools with >150 students, were surveyed in 1999. Baseline(More)
The interplay between pathogen-encoded virulence factors and host cell signaling networks is critical for both the establishment and clearance of microbial infections. Yersinia uptake into host cells serves as an in vitro model for exploring how host cells respond to Yersinia adherence. In this study, we provide insight into the molecular nature and(More)