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Reprogramming of somatic cell nuclei to yield induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells makes possible derivation of patient-specific stem cells for regenerative medicine. However, iPS cell generation is asynchronous and slow (2-3 weeks), the frequency is low (<0.1%), and DNA demethylation constitutes a bottleneck. To determine regulatory mechanisms involved in(More)
Many bacterial pathogens of plants and animals use a type III secretion system to deliver diverse virulence-associated 'effector' proteins into the host cell. The mechanisms by which these effectors act are mostly unknown; however, they often promote disease by suppressing host immunity. One type III effector, AvrPtoB, expressed by the plant pathogen(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare two forms of continuous renal replacement therapy, continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) vs. continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD), in terms of the removal of inflammatory mediators from the blood of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome and acute renal failure. DESIGN Randomized crossover, clinical study.(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a genomically diverse, prevalent, and almost invariably fatal malignancy. Although conventional genetically engineered mouse models of human PDAC have been instrumental in understanding pancreatic cancer development, these models are much too labor-intensive, expensive, and slow to perform the extensive molecular(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Urinary biomarkers can identify damage to specific parts of the nephron. We performed a cross-sectional study to characterise the pattern of diabetic nephropathy using urinary biomarkers of glomerular fibrosis (collagen IV), proximal tubular damage (α-glutathione-S-transferase, GST) and distal tubular damage (πGST). METHODS Clinical data(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether narrowband UV-B (NB-UV-B) may mediate its beneficial effect on psoriasis by increasing vitamin D levels, and to assess the effect of NB-UV-B on vitamin D status in patients with psoriasis in wintertime. DESIGN A prospective controlled study from October 2008 to February 2009. SETTING A dermatology outpatient department at(More)
Molecular insights into somatic cell reprogramming to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) would aid regenerative medicine, but are difficult to elucidate in iPS because of their heterogeneity, as relatively few cells undergo reprogramming (0.1-1%; refs , ). To identify early acting regulators, we capitalized on non-dividing heterokaryons (mouse embryonic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Limited data are available on the contribution of chronic HCV infection to the development of bone disease in postmenopausal women. We studied whether women who acquired HCV infection through administration of HCV genotype 1b-contaminated anti-D immunoglobulin from a single source had decreased bone mineral density (BMD) or altered levels(More)
Porphyria cutanea tarda is a skin disease caused by photosensitization by porphyrins whose accumulation is caused by deficiency of hepatic uroporphyrin- ogen decarboxylase activity. Mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene are present in the low-penetrant, autosomal dominant familial form but not in the commoner sporadic form of porphyria(More)
C3a and C5a anaphylatoxins are cytokine-like polypeptides generated during complement (C) system activation and released at the inflammatory site. They exert several biological activities through binding to the G-protein-coupled receptors C3aR and C5aR, respectively. Cloning and Northern blot experiments have indicated that both receptors are expressed by(More)