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Accumulating evidence suggests that neurodegeneration induced by pathogenic proteins depends on contributions from surrounding glia. Here we demonstrate that NF-kappaB signaling in microglia is critically involved in neuronal death induced by amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides, which are widely presumed to cause Alzheimer disease. Constitutive inhibition of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) may result from the accumulation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides in the brain. The cysteine protease cathepsin B (CatB) is associated with amyloid plaques in AD brains and has been suspected to increase Abeta production. Here, we demonstrate that CatB actually reduces levels of Abeta peptides, especially the aggregation-prone(More)
We introduce a new sensing modality based on the actuation of discrete gold nanoparticle dimers. Binding of the target DNA leads to a geometrical extension of the dimer, thereby yielding a spectral blue shift in the hybridized plasmon mode as detected by single nanostructure scattering spectroscopy. The magnitude and opposite direction of this shift enabled(More)
We show that the photodegradation efficiency of TiO2 has been amplified 4-fold via the cooperativity of slow photons in photonic crystal and the incorporation of Pt nanoclusters. Various loadings of Pt nanoparticles were photodeposited on the surface of TiO2 inverse opals and the photodegradation of adsorbed acid orange was investigated. While slow photons(More)
We present a sensing platform based on the morphological changes of plasmonic nanoparticles. Detection is achieved by using a stimulus-responsive polyelectrolyte-aptamer thin film to control the rate of diffusion of etchants that alter the shape and size of the nanoparticles. We show that the extent of morphological change and the colorimetric response(More)
Optically amplified photochemistry with slow photons has been realized in our previous work when a photoactive material such as TiO(2) was molded into a photonic crystal and the corresponding energy of photonic bands overlapped with the electronic excitation. While numerous applications of photonic crystals have been proposed, the real practicality depends(More)
Plasmonic metal nanoparticles have been used to enhance the performance of thin-film devices such as organic photovoltaics based on polymer/fullerene blends. We show that silver nanoprisms accumulate long-lived negative charges when they are in contact with a photoexcited bulk heterojunction blend composed of poly(3-hexylthiophene)/phenyl-C61-butyric acid(More)
Photoswitch-modified DNA is being studied for applications including light-harvesting molecular motors, photocontrolled drug delivery, gene regulation, and optically mediated assembly of plasmonic metal nanoparticles in DNA-hybridization assays. We study the sequence and hybridization dependence of the photoisomerization quantum yield of azobenzene attached(More)