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BACKGROUND Roughly a third of patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with biological treatments receive them as monotherapy. Tocilizumab--an inhibitor of interleukin 6 receptor signalling--has been studied as monotherapy in several clinical trials. We assessed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab monotherapy compared with adalimumab monotherapy for(More)
BACKGROUND Data are lacking on the long-term effect on cardiovascular events of adding sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, to usual care in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. METHODS In this randomized, double-blind study, we assigned 14,671 patients to add either sitagliptin or placebo to their existing therapy.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a previously identified posterior reorganization of the cortical motor network after spinal cord injury (SCI) is correlated with prognosis and outcome. METHODS We applied the techniques of high-resolution EEG and dipole source analysis to record and map the motor potentials (MPs) of the movement-related cortical potentials(More)
We studied a 3-month-old boy who had opsoclonus in association with acute bacterial meningitis. The CSF IgG and IgM were elevated acutely, gradually returning to normal with clinical improvement. Correspondingly, CSF cytomorphology showed excessive plasmocytosis and a higher proportion of reactive lymphocytes than expected in an acute bacterial meningitis.(More)
The P1 potential (50 msec) of the middle latency auditory evoked potential was lacking in 12 of 31 (39%) patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and seven of 12 (58%) demented patients with Parkinson's disease. Component P1 was not present in one normal control subject and one nondemented Parkinson's disease patient. Clinical and experimental evidence(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if cortical motor representation and generators change after partial or complete paralysis after spinal cord injury (SCI). Previously reported evidence for a change in cortical motor function after SCI was derived from transcranial magnetic stimulation. These studies inferred a reorganization of the cortical motor(More)
AIM To examine fracture incidence among participants in the Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin (TECOS). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used data from 14 671 participants in the TECOS study who were randomized double-blind to sitagliptin (n = 7332) or placebo (n = 7339). Cumulative fracture incidence rates were calculated and their(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Multimodal neuroimaging with positron emission tomography (PET) scanning or functional MRI can detect and display functional reorganization of the brain's motor control in poststroke hemiplegia. We undertook a study to determine whether the new modality of 128-electrode high-resolution EEG, coregistered with MRI, could detect changes(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about patient perspectives of the transition from hospital to home. OBJECTIVE To develop a richly detailed, patient-centered view of patient and caregiver needs in the hospital-to-home transition. DESIGN An ethnographic approach including participant observation and in-depth, semi-structured video recorded interviews. (More)