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Polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) is an emerging cause of kidney transplant failure affecting 1-10% of patients. As uncertainty exists regarding risk factors, diagnosis, and intervention, an independent panel of experts reviewed the currently available evidence and prepared this report. Most cases of PVAN are elicited by BK virus (BKV) in the(More)
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant pathogen capable of transferring a defined segment of DNA to a host plant, generating a gall tumor. Replacing the transferred tumor-inducing genes with exogenous DNA allows the introduction of any desired gene into the plant. Thus, A. tumefaciens has been critical for the development of modern plant genetics and(More)
BACKGROUND Surveys have identified a dramatically rising incidence of work-related upper extremity cumulative trauma disorders (UECTDs). Outcome studies have addressed time lost from work and cost of compensation; omitting other significant consequences. We assess health, functional and family outcomes. METHODS We identified 537 Workers' Compensation(More)
OBJECTIVE In this conceptual review, the authors propose a novel mechanistic candidate in the etiology of depression with onset in the menopause transition ("perimenopausal depression") involving alterations in stress-responsive pathways, induced by ovarian hormone fluctuation. METHOD The relevant literature in perimenopausal depression, including(More)
A number of recent studies have reported the detection of the ubiquitous human polyomavirus, JC virus (JCV), in samples derived from several types of neural as well as non-neural human tumors. The human neurotropic JCV was first identified as the etiologic agent of the fatal demyelinating disease, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, which usually(More)
Using genetic inactivation in the mouse, PURA, encoding Pur alpha, is demonstrated to be essential for developmentally-timed dendrite formation in the cerebellum and hippocampus. Comparison of RNA species bound by Pur alpha prompts the hypothesis that Pur alpha functions with non-coding RNA in transport of certain mRNA molecules to sites of translation in(More)
B lymphocytes are known as a potential site for latency and reactivation of the human neurotropic polyomavirus, JC virus (JCV). In light of recent studies on the oncogenicity of JCV and the transforming ability of the JCV early protein, T antigen, we investigated the association of JCV with B-cell lymphomas of the central nervous system. Examination of 27(More)
The Pur proteins are an ancient family of sequence-specific single-stranded nucleic acid-binding proteins. They bind a G-rich element in either single- or double-stranded nucleic acids and are capable of displacing the complementary C-rich strand. Recently several reports have described Pur family member knockouts, mutations, and disease aberrations.(More)
JC virus encephalopathy (JCVE) is a newly described gray matter disease of the brain caused by productive infection of cortical pyramidal neurons. We characterized the full length sequence of JCV isolated from the brain of a JCVE patient, analyzed its distribution in various compartments by PCR, and determined viral gene expression in the brain by(More)
Glycoconjugates have been shown to play important roles in Leishmania development. However, the ability to study these molecules and other processes would benefit greatly from improved methods for genetic manipulation and analysis of the amastigote stage. This is especially challenging for L. donovani, the agent of the most severe form of leishmaniasis,(More)