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Molecular chaperones of the Hsp70 class bind unfolded polypeptide chains and are thought to be involved in the cellular folding pathway of many proteins. DnaK, the Hsp70 protein of Escherichia coli, is regulated by the chaperone protein DnaJ and the cofactor GrpE. To gain a biologically relevant understanding of the mechanism of Hsp70 action, we have(More)
The Escherichia coli heat-shock protein DnaJ cooperates with the Hsp70 homolog DnaK in protein folding in vitro and in vivo. Little is known about the structural features of DnaJ that mediate its interaction with DnaK and unfolded polypeptide. DnaJ contains at least four blocks of sequence representing potential functional domains which have been conserved(More)
Management of airway infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a serious clinical challenge, but little is known about the microbial ecology of airway infections in intubated patients. We analyzed bacterial diversity in endotracheal aspirates obtained from intubated patients colonized by P. aeruginosa by using 16S rRNA clone libraries and microarrays(More)
The main stress proteins of Escherichia coli function in an ordered protein-folding reaction. DnaK (heat-shock protein 70) recognizes the folding polypeptide as an extended chain and cooperates with DnaJ in stabilizing an intermediate conformational state lacking ordered tertiary structure. Dependent on GrpE and ATP hydrolysis, the protein is then(More)
One strategy for combating cancer-drug resistance is to deploy rational polytherapy up front that suppresses the survival and emergence of resistant tumor cells. Here we demonstrate in models of lung adenocarcinoma harboring the oncogenic fusion of ALK and EML4 that the GTPase RAS-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, but not other known ALK(More)
Fluoroquinolone resistance and type III secretion system (TTSS) virulence are independently associated in Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections with poor patient outcomes. In the present study, the virulence of fluoroquinolone-susceptible and -resistant isolates of P. aeruginosa was compared, focusing on TTSS virulence. Clinical isolates (n = 45) exhibiting a(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the major causative agents of mortality and morbidity in hospitalized patients due to a multiplicity of virulence factors associated with both chronic and acute infections. Acute P. aeruginosa infection is primarily mediated by planktonic bacteria expressing the type III secretion system (TTSS), a surface-attached(More)
Metastasis is the leading cause of death in people with lung cancer, yet the molecular effectors underlying tumor dissemination remain poorly defined. Through the development of an in vivo spontaneous lung cancer metastasis model, we show that the developmentally regulated transcriptional repressor Capicua (CIC) suppresses invasion and metastasis.(More)
Cytosolic and organelle-based heat-shock protein (HSP) chaperones ensure proper folding and function of nascent and injured polypeptides to support cell growth. Under conditions of cellular stress, including oncogenic transformation, proteostasis components maintain homeostasis and prevent apoptosis. Although this cancer-relevant function has provided a(More)