Jennifer F. Newman

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We have obtained evidence that poliovirus and other picornavirus particles are specifically modified by having myristic acid covalently bound to a capsid protein. The electron density map of poliovirus confirms the position of the myristate molecule and defines its location in the virus particle. Analogies with other myristylated proteins suggest that the(More)
Determining whether animals have been infected with foot-and-mouth disease virus or vaccinated is important because infected animals frequently become carriers of the virus, shed it intermittently and thus may be the source of new outbreaks of the disease. We had shown previously that the sera of convalescent animals contain antibodies to 2C, a highly(More)
BACKGROUND In a primary rhinoplasty that requires a humpectomy, the dorsal aspect of the upper lateral cartilages is commonly discarded. Many of these patients need spreader grafts to reconstruct the middle third of the nose. However, it is possible to reconstruct the upper lateral cartilages into "spreader flaps" that act much like spreader grafts. (More)
OBJECTIVE This placebo-controlled study assessed long-term efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes and severe renal impairment (RI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this 1-year, double-blind study, 133 patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA(1c) 7.0-10.0%) and severe RI (estimated glomerular(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence concerning the importance of glucose lowering in the prevention of cardiovascular (CV) outcomes remains controversial. Given the multi-faceted pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in diabetes, it is likely that any intervention to mitigate this risk must address CV risk factors beyond glycemia alone. The SGLT-2 inhibitor empagliflozin(More)
The major immunogenic site of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is contained in a disordered loop comprising residues 134-158 of capsid protein VP1, located on the surface of the viral particle. Peptides corresponding to this sequence generally elicit protective levels of neutralizing antibodies in guinea pigs. In some instances, however, the level of(More)
Nodamura virus multiplied in mosquito cell lines, as determined by infectivivity assays in adult honey bees (Apis mellifera) and wax moth larvae (Galleria mellonella). Titres of more than 10-7 and 10-5 bee LD50 /ml were obtained in culture fluids of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti cells respectively after 10 days. Comparable titres were obtained after(More)
With the exception of phage Qbeta, the RNAs of all the other small icosahedral RNA viruses so far examined contain a poly (A) tract. This tract has been implicated in the infectivity of poliovirus RNA. We have now shown that Nodamura virus, a divided genome virus from which infective RNA can be extracted, does not contain any poly (A) tracts. This evidence(More)
An antibody against the Escherichia coli-expressed RNA polymerase of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) reacts with the virus in ELISA and radioimmunoprecipitation experiments and with a protein of the disrupted virus particle in an immunoblot analysis. Treatment of the virus with trypsin, which cleaves capsid protein VP1 and a 56-kDa polypeptide present(More)