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Noninvasive assessment of the progression of axon damage is important for evaluating disease progression and developing neuroprotective interventions in multiple sclerosis patients. We examined the cellular responses correlated with diffusion tensor imaging-derived axial (lambda(parallel)) and radial (lambda(perpendicular)) diffusivity values throughout(More)
Chronic central nervous system demyelinating diseases result in long-term disability because of limited remyelination capacity and cumulative damage to axons. Corpus callosum demyelination in mice fed cuprizone provides a reproducible model of chronic demyelination in which the demyelinating agent can be removed to test modifications that promote recovery(More)
BACKGROUND Microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) has been associated with several neurodegenerative disorders including forms of parkinsonism and Parkinson disease (PD). We evaluated the association of the MAPT region with PD in a large cohort of familial PD cases recruited by the GenePD Study. In addition, postmortem brain samples from patients with PD(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms in the glutathione S-transferase pi gene (GSTP1), encoding GSTP1-1, a detoxification enzyme, may increase the risk of Parkinson disease (PD) with exposure to pesticides. Using the GenePD Study sample of familial PD cases, we explored whether GSTP1 polymorphisms were associated with the age at onset of PD symptoms and whether that(More)
BACKGROUND The chromosome 7q32 region is linked to metabolic syndrome and obesity related traits in the Family Heart Study. As part of a fine mapping study of the region, we evaluated the relationship of polymorphisms to fasting glucose levels and Type 2 diabetes. METHODS Thirty-nine HapMap defined tag SNPs in a 1.08 Mb region and a novel deletion(More)
The PARK3 locus on chromosome 2p13 has shown linkage to both the development and age of onset of Parkinson's disease (PD). One candidate gene at this locus is sepiapterin reductase (SPR). Sepiapterin reductase catalyzes the final step in the biosynthetic pathway of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)), an essential cofactor for aromatic amino acid hydrolases(More)
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