Jennifer E I Wright

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This study investigated the delivery of a model therapeutic protein, namely, osteoprotegerin (OPG), to bone sites in an animal model of osteoarthritis. The OPG was chemically conjugated to a "bone seeking" thiol-bisphosphonate (thiolBP) via a disulfide linkage. The BP conjugates of OPG were shown to display a higher hydroxyapatite affinity in vitro as(More)
AroA (EPSP synthase) catalyzes carboxyvinyl transfer through addition of shikimate 3-phosphate (S3P) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to form a tetrahedral intermediate (THI), followed by phosphate elimination to give enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate (EPSP). A novel approach, partitioning analysis, was used to elucidate the roles of catalytic residues in each(More)
Chemical conjugation of bisphosphonates (BPs) to therapeutic proteins is an effective means to impart mineral affinity to proteins. Such conjugates can be implanted with mineral-based matrices to control the local delivery kinetics of the proteins. BPs linked to proteins with reversible (i.e., cleavable) linkages are desirable over conjugates with stable(More)
An effective therapeutic agent for treatment of bone diseases is expected to exhibit a high affinity to bone. Conjugating proteins to bisphosphonates (BPs), a class of molecules with an exceptional affinity to bone mineral hydroxyapatite (HA), is a feasible means to impart such a bone affinity. Protein-BP conjugates with cleavable linkages, which allow(More)
Chemical conjugation of bisphosphonates (BPs) to proteins is an effective means to enhance binding of proteins to mineral-containing biomaterials. BPs linked to proteins with reversible (i.e., cleavable) linkages were considered desirable over the conjugates linked with stable linkages because cleavable linkages allow protein release in free form from the(More)
Conjugating proteins with bisphosphonates (BPs), a class of molecules with exceptional affinity to hydroxyapatite (HA), is a feasible means to impart bone affinity to protein-based therapeutic agents. To increase the targeting effectiveness while minimizing protein modification, a polymeric linker containing multiple copies of BPs could be constructed for(More)
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