Jennifer E Girotto

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BACKGROUND Administration of beta-lactams via prolonged or continuous infusion has been utilized in adults to optimize drug exposure and clinical outcomes. As children exhibit increased drug clearance, this may further the benefit of prolonged or continuous infusions. This dosing approach was applied to several beta-lactams commonly utilized in children. (More)
BACKGROUND Human babesiosis is a tickborne malaria-like illness that generally resolves without complication after administration of atovaquone and azithromycin or clindamycin and quinine. Although patients experiencing babesiosis that is unresponsive to standard antimicrobial therapy have been described, the pathogenesis, clinical course, and optimal(More)
Fungal infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised children. Since the beginning of the 21st century, many new antifungals including the echinocandins (i.e., caspofungin, micafungin, anidulafungin) and the newer generation triazoles (i.e., voriconazole and posaconazole) have received Food and Drug Administration(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the probability of oral beta-lactam regimens achieving bactericidal pharmacodynamic exposure against pathogens causing acute otitis media (AOM) given contemporary prevalence and resistance rates. METHODS A 5000-patient Monte Carlo simulation was used to recreate steady-state concentration-time profiles for oral drug administration(More)
BACKGROUND Macrolide antibiotics are often used to treat children with acute otitis media (AOM); however, the 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and American Academy of Family Physicians guidelines recommend against their use in patients without history of a type I allergic reaction to penicillins. OBJECTIVE To evaluate via meta-analysis the(More)
CONTEXT Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) improves growth in patients with growth hormone deficiency or idiopathic short stature. Its role in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unclear. OBJECTIVE To review the effectiveness of rhGH in the treatment of patients with CF. METHODS Medline and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy can provide sustained viral suppression and a beneficial immunological response in both antiretroviral-naive and -experienced pediatric patients infected with HIV. While there have been many antiretroviral studies in adults infected with HIV, considerably less information is available in similar HIV-infected pediatric or(More)
A 14-year-old female with perinatally acquired HIV on boosted protease inhibitor (PI) therapy with atazanavir and ritonavir rapidly developed cushingoid features with excessive weight gain and moon facies within 2 weeks of receiving inhaled fluticasone/salmeterol for asthma treatment. Soon after discontinuing PIs and inhaled steroid, she required(More)
Although antimicrobials are commonly used in children, it is important to remember that they can have a profound impact on this unique patient population. Inadvertent consequences of antiinfective use in children include antimicrobial resistance, infection caused by Clostridium difficile, increased risk of obesity, and adverse drug events. In addition,(More)
Background. A second-sign prospective restriction of select broad-spectrum antimicrobials was fully implemented in January 2015 as a pediatric antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) initiative to help ensure the most appropriate empiric use of ceftaroline, cefepime, fidaxomicin, linezolid, and vancomycin (intravenous). The objective of this evaluation is(More)