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Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and capsular polysaccharides (K antigens) may influence the interaction of rhizobia with their specific hosts; therefore, we conducted a comparative analysis of Sinorhizobium fredii and Sinorhizobium meliloti, which are genetically related, yet symbiotically distinct, nitrogen-fixing microsymbionts of legumes. We found that both(More)
As part of the study of the possible role(s) of CBF-1, a cytokinin-binding protein abundant in wheat embryo, a cytokinin oxidase was found in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germ and partially purified by conventional purification techniques and high performance chromatofocusing. This preparation catalyzes conversion of N(6)-(Delta(2)-isopentenyl)adenosine to(More)
Work on growth factor receptors in other cells has led to the concept that tyrosine phosphorylation of receptor cytoplasmic domains leads to recruitment of signaling molecules to appropriate sub-membrane locations. Complexes of molecules are assembled through structural motifs that mediate phosphotyrosine-SH2 domain and SH3-proline-rich domain interactions.(More)
Integrin-induced adhesion leads to cytoskeletal reorganizations, cell migration, spreading, proliferation, and differentiation. The details of the signaling events that induce these changes in cell behavior are not well understood but they appear to involve activation of Rho family members which activate signaling molecules such as tyrosine kinases,(More)
Control and stimulated platelets were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to determine whether proteins are altered during platelet activation. Platelets were stimulated with thrombin, collagen, or the calcium ionophore A23187, and aggregation was brought about by stirring in the presence of Ca2+. These activated platelets(More)
We have advanced the view that estrogens activate the estrogen receptor (ER) alpha complex differently. A group of planar (estradiol, genistein, and coumestrol) and nonplanar (methoxychlor and its mono- and didemethylated phenolic metabolites) environmental estrogens, which are all full estrogens in MCF-7 breast cancer cell proliferation assays, was shown(More)
  • J E Fox
  • 2001
The actin filament network fills the cytoplasm of unstimulated platelets and connects with a submembranous latticework of short cross-linked actin filaments, known as the membrane skeleton. One function of the cytoskeleton is to direct the contours of the membrane in the unstimulated platelet and the rapid changes in shape in the activated platelet.(More)
A protein which binds 6-substituted purines of the cytokinin type with relatively high affinity has been extensively purified from wheat germ. Conventional chromatographic techniques, as well as an affinity matrix to which a cytokinin was covalently coupled, were used in the purification. The wheat germ cytokinin-binding protein (CBF-1) has four unlike(More)
Unprecedented agricultural intensification and increased crop yield will be necessary to feed the burgeoning world population, whose global food demand is projected to double in the next 50 years. Although grain production has doubled in the past four decades, largely because of the widespread use of synthetic nitrogenous fertilizers, pesticides, and(More)
The accumulation and degradation of a wheat (Triticum durum) embryo cytokinin-binding protein (CBF-1) was followed during embryo development and germination by its N(6)-benzyladenine (BA) binding activity and immunological reactivity (rocket immunoelectrophoresis and Western blotting). Both BA binding activity and CBF-1 appeared at 2 weeks post-anthesis and(More)