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OBJECTIVE Pathologic scarring affects millions of people worldwide. Quantitative and qualitative measurement modalities are needed to effectively evaluate and monitor treatments. METHODS This article reviews the literature on available tools and existent assessment scales used to subjectively and objectively characterize scar. RESULTS We describe the(More)
Scar contracture is believed to be caused by the cell contractility during the remodeling phase of wound healing. Cell contractility is mediated by non-muscle myosin II (NMMII) and actin, but the temporal-spatial expression profile of NMMII isoforms A and B (IIA and IIB) during the remodeling phase and the role of NMMII in scar fibroblast tissue remodeling(More)
Aberrant fibroblast migration in response to fibrogenic peptides plays a significant role in keloid pathogenesis. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is an octapeptide hormone recently implicated as a mediator of organ fibrosis and cutaneous repair. Ang II promotes cell migration but its role in keloid fibroblast phenotypic behavior has not been studied. We(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that Dupuytren's disease is caused by fibroblast and myofibroblast contractility. Cell contractility in smooth muscle cells is caused by calcium-dependent and calcium-independent signaling mechanisms. In the calcium-dependent pathway, calcium/calmodulin activates myosin light chain kinase (MLCK). In this study, the(More)
BACKGROUND Scarring is believed to be caused by both persistent inflammation and overexuberant fibroblast activation. Osteopontin (OPN) is a cytokine that promotes cell activation. The absence of OPN in vivo reduces dermal scarring. This suggests that OPN is involved in scar formation; however, how OPN exerts these pro-scarring effects is unknown. RNA(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with postgastric bypass and diet-induced weight loss present to the plastic surgeon for various body contouring procedures. Gross differences in skin dermal elasticity may exist between these populations; however, studies evaluating histologic differences are lacking. This prospective study aims to evaluate histomorphologic differences(More)
PilY1 is a type IV pilus (tfp)-associated protein from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa that shares functional similarity with related proteins in infectious Neisseria and Kingella species. Previous data have shown that PilY1 acts as a calcium-dependent pilus biogenesis factor necessary for twitching motility with a specific calcium binding(More)
Hypertrophic scar (HSc) contraction following burn injury causes contractures. Contractures are painful and disfiguring. Current therapies are marginally effective. To study pathogenesis and develop new therapies, a murine model is needed. We have created a validated immune-competent murine HSc model. A third-degree burn was created on dorsum of C57BL/6(More)
alpha(2)M* targets antigens to APCs for rapid internalization, processing, and presentation. When used as an antigen-delivery vehicle, alpha(2)M* amplifies MHC class II presentation, as demonstrated by increased antibody titers. Recent evidence, however, suggests that alpha(2)M* encapsulation may also enhance antigen-specific CTL immunity. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Scarring is a highly prevalent and multifactorial process, yet no studies to date have attempted to distinguish pathologic from nonpathologic scarring. METHODS This article defines and proposes methods of classifying pathologic scarring as it pertains to clinical presentation. RESULTS The authors propose a new scar scale that incorporates(More)