Jennifer Dowd

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A Monte Carlo simulation study was designed to evaluate the sample survey technique currently used by the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) of the World Health Organization. Of particular interest was how the EPI strategy compared to a more traditional sampling strategy with respect to bias and variability of estimates. It was also of interest to(More)
Models of mortality and aging depend on assumptions about physiological change even if they are not made explicit. Standard models, like the Gompertz, often fail to describe mortality at extreme ages, suggesting a need for biologically more detailed and flexible models. One solution is to model the interaction of time-varying covariates with mortality to(More)
Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus is the major form of the disease in all societies. Its public health impact appears to be increasing and the greatest genetic predisposition to the disease is encountered in developing communities. The reduction or elimination of disease in whole populations is a fundamental goal in public health. Whilst(More)
Emerging research demonstrates that diet, pollution, and other environmental triggers can alter both the function and expression of human genes and lead to a heightened disease risk. These environment-gene interactions can cause so-called epigenetic changes in gene expression-patterns of which genes are switched "on" or "off"-that may account for the rising(More)