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Because there were limited measures available to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL) in children with chronic illnesses, this study was initiated to develop an empirically derived questionnaire for use in evaluating HRQL issues in children treated for cancer. Extensive interviews were conducted with 30 families of children with cancer, 10 of(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the empirical research examining behavioral treatments for recurrent pediatric headache. METHODS Thirty-one investigations published after 1980 were reviewed using predetermined criteria to evaluate the adequacy of research methodologies. A modification of criteria proposed for evaluating the efficacy of psychological interventions for(More)
Premature infants with respiratory distress oxygenate better and have improved breathing synchrony when they are nursed in the prone position. We investigated whether work of breathing (WOB) is decreased in the prone position in healthy premature infants nearing discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit. Nineteen convalescing premature infants in room(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the neurodevelopmental effects of perinatally acquired HIV infection on children of preschool age. METHODS Participants included 40 children infected with HIV between the ages of three and five and an equal number of noninfected controls individually matched according to ethnicity, age, sex, and prenatal drug exposure. Participants(More)
This study examined factors affecting the receipt of both hepatitis B vaccination and screening in the Vietnamese American community of Philadelphia. Hepatitis B is endemic in Southeast Asia; individuals emigrating from endemic areas are at a particularly high risk of hepatitis B infection, resulting in a higher prevalence of liver cancer in the population.(More)
This study examined the dual-task interference effects of complexity (simple vs. complex), type of task (carrying a pitcher vs. tray), and age (young adults vs. 7-10 year old children) on temporal-spatial and variability measures of gait. All participants first walked on the GAITRite walkway without any concurrent task, followed by four dual-task gait(More)
Assessment and intervention issues in recurrent pediatric headache are discussed. A broad overview of diagnostic and etiological issues is presented, with consideration of the application of functional models to recurrent headache patterns. Behavioral treatment outcome research is reviewed, and pharmacotherapy approaches are briefly addressed.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Sleep disruption is increasingly recognized in hospitalized patients. Impaired sleep is associated with measureable alterations in neurodevelopment. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment has the potential to affect sleep quality and quantity. We aimed: (i) to determine the frequency and duration of hands-on care, and its(More)
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