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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate WIN A STEP UP, a workforce development program for nursing assistants (NAs) in nursing homes (NHs) involving continuing education by onsite trainers, compensation for education modules, supervisory skills training of frontline supervisors, and short-term retention contracts for bonuses and/or wage increases(More)
INTRODUCTION Understanding what people think about harmful and potentially harmful constituents in cigarettes and cigarette smoke has new urgency given legislation requiring US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to disclose constituent information. Our study sought to obtain qualitative information on what people think about these constituents and the(More)
INTRODUCTION The Tobacco Control Act requires public disclosure of information about toxic constituents in cigarette smoke. To inform these efforts, we studied public understanding of cigarette smoke constituents. METHODS We conducted phone surveys with national probability samples of adolescents (n=1125) and adults (n=5014) and an internet survey with a(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY While theories of job turnover generally assume a strong correlation between job satisfaction, intention, and retention, such models may be limited in explaining turnover of low-wage health care workers. Low-wage workers likely have a lower ability to act on their employment intentions or plans due to a lack of resources that serve to(More)
AIM This paper describes the central themes nurses identify as important to their overall evaluation of their work. In particular, this paper highlights how the context of the nursing shortage interacts with what nurses understand to be satisfying about their work. BACKGROUND On the brink of a current and enduring nursing shortage in the US, this study(More)
INTRODUCTION CDC's Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) funds 25 states and 4 tribal organizations to promote and increase colorectal cancer screening population-wide. The CRCCP grantees must use evidence-based strategies from the Guide to Community Preventive Services, including small media and client reminders. METHODS To assess the existing(More)
State Repayment Programs for Health Care Education Loans Repayment of loans for health care education is a popular incentive among states to attract clinicians to underserved areas. As of 1996, 37 states offered loan repayment programs for primary care clinicians, co-sponsored loan repayment programs with the State Loan Repayment Program of the National(More)
BACKGROUND Middle manager resistance is often described as a major challenge for upper-level administrators seeking to implement complex innovations such as evidence-based protocols or new skills training. However, factors influencing middle manager support for innovation implementation are currently understudied in the U.S. health care literature. (More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this paper is to explore library and information service impact on patient care quality. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH A large-scale critical incident survey of physicians and residents at 56 library sites serving 118 hospitals in the USA and Canada. Respondents were asked to base their answers on a recent incident in which they had(More)