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The interacting influences of maternal size and fetal genotype on placental and fetal development in the mare were assessed by comparing conventional within-breed Thoroughbred (Tb-in-Tb, n = 7) and Pony (P-in-P, n = 7) control pregnancies established by artificial insemination (AI) with between-breed (Tb-in-P, n = 8; deprived in utero condition and P-in-Tb,(More)
  • J C Ousey
  • Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
  • 2004
The endocrine profiles in the periparturient mares are dominated by increasing concentrations of progestagens and decreasing oestrogens. These hormones are produced by precursors from the foetus, metabolized by the placenta and act primarily on the maternal uterus. The circulating concentrations of hormones in maternal plasma, generally, represent a small(More)
Within-breed artificial insemination and between-breed embryo transfer were carried out in small pony (P) and large Thoroughbred (Tb) mares to create 4 types of horse pregnancy in which the fetus experienced spatial and nutritional deprivation (Tb-in-P; n=8), luxury (P-in-Tb; n=7) or normality (Tb-in-Tb; n=7 and P-in-P; n=7) in utero. Measurement of equine(More)
A sensitive and precise immunoassay for equine serum amyloid A protein (SAA) was established and used to determine, for the first time, the circulating concentration of this protein in health and disease. As in other species, equine SAA was present only at trace levels in healthy animals but behaved as an extremely sensitive and rapidly responding acute(More)
One hundred twenty-four horse placentas were evaluated according to gross appearance, weight and surface area. Grossly abnormal placentas were photographed, and histological sections were taken from abnormal appearing areas, and from representative areas (pregnant horn, non-pregnant horn, body and cervical pole) in both normal and abnormal placentas.(More)
This paper describes criteria used to assess maturity of the newborn foal and their clinical application to field cases of prematurity and dysmaturity. Premature and mature foals may be clearly distinguished by their behavioural and physical characteristics. Measurement of haematological parameters (mean cell volume, total white cell and differential(More)
Between 1985 and 1990, 25 Thoroughbred mares were classified as having an abnormal pregnancy on the basis of precocious signs of impending parturition. Throughout the remainder of their pregnancies, plasma progestagen and mammary secretion calcium concentrations were monitored. After parturition, evidence of placental pathology was recorded and their foals(More)
Progesterone (P4), pregnenolone (P5) and their metabolites are present in maternal plasma in pregnant mares. It is believed that one of these progestagens may maintain myometrial quiescence. The aims of this study were to identify specific progestagens in pregnant mares' plasma and determine whether these differed between mares with healthy or compromised(More)
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY Aged mares with endometrosis suffer higher rates of pregnancy loss than young mares, due to poor placental development. Reduced uterine blood supply may be one contributory factor. OBJECTIVES To measure uterine artery (UA) blood flow and other Doppler indices throughout pregnancy and compare placental and foal development in(More)
McCormick's Toy Discrimination test allows a skilled audiologist to obtain word discrimination thresholds in quiet from children with mental ages of 2 years and above. A semi-automatic version of the test has been developed and evaluated by testing the hearing of 46 children and five adults. The equipment for the new version of the test both produces the(More)