Jennifer C Lee

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The presynaptic protein α-synuclein (α-syn), particularly in its amyloid form, is widely recognized for its involvement in Parkinson disease (PD). Recent genetic studies reveal that mutations in the gene GBA are the most widespread genetic risk factor for parkinsonism identified to date. GBA encodes for glucocerebrosidase (GCase), the enzyme deficient in(More)
Mutations in GBA, the gene encoding glucocerebrosidase, the lysosomal enzyme deficient in Gaucher disease increase the risk for developing Parkinson disease. Recent research suggests a relationship between glucocerebrosidase and the Parkinson disease-related amyloid-forming protein, α-synuclein; however, the specific molecular mechanisms responsible for(More)
BACKGROUND Work limitation rates are crucial indicators of the health status of working people. If related to work productivity, work limitation rates may also supply important information about the economic burden of illness. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess the productivity impact of on-the-job work limitations due to employees' physical or mental(More)
A pathway intermediate is said to be 'channeled' when an intermediate just made in a pathway has a higher probability of being a substrate for the next pathway enzyme compared with a molecule of the same species from the aqueous cytoplasm. Channeling is an important phenomenon because it might play a significant role in the regulation of metabolism. Whereas(More)
The kinetics of electron transfer from the triplet-excited Zn-porphyrin to a Ru(NH(3))(5)(His-33)(3+) complex have been measured in Zn-substituted ruthenium-modified cytochrome c under denaturing conditions. In the folded protein, the electron-tunneling rate constant is 7.5 x 10(5) s(-1). As the protein is denatured with guanidine hydrochloride, a faster(More)
Pmel17 is an important protein for pigmentation in human skin and eyes. Proteolytic fragments from Pmel17 form fibrils upon which melanin is deposited in melanosomes. The repeat domain (RPT) derived from Pmel17 only forms fibrils under acidic melanosomal conditions. Here, we examined the effects of lipids on RPT aggregation to explore whether(More)
The protein alpha-synuclein, implicated in Parkinson's disease, was studied by combining nano-electrospray ionization (N-ESI) mass spectrometry and ion mobility. It was found that both the charge-state distribution in the mass spectra and the average protein shape deduced from ion mobility data, depend on the pH of the spray solution. Negative-ion N-ESI of(More)
Understanding how environmental factors affect the conformational dynamics of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is of great importance because the accumulation and deposit of aggregated alpha-syn in the brain are intimately connected to Parkinson's disease etiology. Measurements of steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence of single tryptophan-containing(More)
Aggregation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn), a protein implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD), is believed to progress through formation of a partially folded intermediate. Using nanoelectrospray ionization (nano-ESI) mass spectrometry combined with ion mobility measurements we found evidence for a highly compact partially folded family of structures for(More)
Membrane proteins participate in nearly all cellular processes; however, because of experimental limitations, their characterization lags far behind that of soluble proteins. Peripheral membrane proteins are particularly challenging to study because of their inherent propensity to adopt multiple and/or transient conformations in solution and upon membrane(More)