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AIMS This meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) to reduce alcohol use among college students. METHODS We included 35 manuscripts with 43 separate interventions, and calculated both between-group and within-group effect sizes for alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Effects sizes were calculated for(More)
AIMS Family history of alcohol use problems is a reliable determinant of alcohol use and problems in the population at large, but findings are inconsistent when this issue is examined in college and university students. No quantitative summary of this literature has been reported to date. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis on the(More)
The hydroxyl stretching mode in hydroxyapatite occurs as a single absorption band in the infra-red spectrum at 3570 cm−1. When there is approximately 10% replacement of hydroxyl ions by chloride ions, an extra band appears at 3498 cm−1 which is assigned to hydroxyl ions forming weak hydrogen bonds with adjacent chloride ions. A similar extra band appears at(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Alcohol and nicotine dependence are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, especially when cases are persistent. The risk for alcohol and nicotine dependence is increased by childhood maltreatment. However, the influence of childhood maltreatment on dependence course is unknown, and is evaluated in the current study. (More)
UNLABELLED Abstract Background: Cocaine use is associated with cognitive impairments, which can have a negative effect on treatment retention and drug use. Thus, there is an increasing demand for a screening cognitive battery can be used by clinicians to detect such impairments in cocaine patients so that treatment can be adapted to patients' specific(More)
Alcohol misuse occurs commonly on college campuses, necessitating prevention programs to help college drinkers reduce consumption and minimize harmful consequences. Computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) have been widely used due to their low cost and ease of dissemination but whether CDIs are efficacious and whether they produce benefits equivalent to(More)
OBJECTIVE Alcohol use established during the first-year of college can result in adverse consequences during the college years and beyond. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the efficacy of interventions to prevent alcohol misuse by first-year college students. METHOD Studies were included if the study reported an individual- or group-level intervention(More)
E-interventions, or electronically based interventions, have become increasingly popular in recent years. College alcohol use has been one area in which such interventions have been implemented and evaluated. The purpose of this paper is to review the seventeen randomized controlled trials that have been published as of August 2007. These studies compared(More)
Heavy drinking among individuals with HIV is associated with poor medication adherence and other health problems. Understanding reasons for drinking (drinking motives) in this population is therefore important and could inform intervention. Using concepts of drinking motives from previous alcohol research, we assessed these motives and drinking in 254(More)