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Cognitive assistive technologies that aid people with dementia (such as Alzheimer's disease) hold the promise to provide such people with an increased level of independence. However, to realize this promise, such systems must account for the specific needs and preferences of individuals. We argue that this form of customization requires a sequential,(More)
This paper discusses the use of computer vision in pervasive healthcare systems, specifically in the design of a sensing agent for an intelligent environment that assists older adults with dementia during an activity of daily living. An overview of the techniques applied in this particular example is provided, along with results from preliminary trials(More)
BACKGROUND Many older adults with dementia require constant assistance from a caregiver when completing activities of daily living (ADL). This study examines the efficacy of a computerized device intended to assist people with dementia through ADL, while reducing caregiver burden. The device, called COACH, uses artificial intelligence to autonomously guide(More)
Older adults with dementia often cannot remember how to complete activities of daily living and require a caregiver to aid them through the steps involved. The use of a computerized guidance system could potentially reduce the reliance on a caregiver. This paper examines the design and preliminary evaluation of a planning system that uses Markov decision(More)
perform routine activities: They cannot remember the proper sequence of steps or how to use the necessary tools. Strategies commonly used by caregiv-ers involve continually providing reminders or cues. Family caregivers find assisting their loved ones to be particularly upsetting and embarrassing, as it necessitates invasion of privacy and role reversal.(More)
Dementia affects an older adult's ability to complete activities of daily living independently. It is envisioned that the principles of pervasive and ubiquitous computing can be applied to develop an intelligent environment that can assist an older adult overcome the problems that they face, and hence i m-prove independence and quality of life at home. This(More)
BACKGROUND Demands on long-term-care facilities are predicted to increase at an unprecedented rate as the baby boomer generation reaches retirement age. Aging-in-place (i.e. aging at home) is the desire of most seniors and is also a good option to reduce the burden on an over-stretched long-term-care system. Personal Emergency Response Systems (PERSs) help(More)
A person's ability to be independent is dependent on his or her overall health, mobility, and ability to complete activities of daily living. Intelligent assistive technologies (IATs) are devices that incorporate context into their decision-making process, which enables them to provide customised and dynamic assistance in an appropriate manner. IATs have(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that intense training can significantly improve post-stroke upper-limb functionality. However, opportunities for stroke survivors to practice rehabilitation exercises can be limited because of the finite availability of therapists and equipment. This paper presents a haptic-enabled exercise platform intended to assist therapists(More)
We investigate technological solutions for arts therapists who work with older adults with cognitive disabilities, such as Alzheimer's disease. We present ethnographic analysis of a survey of arts therapists in the UK and Canada, and show how there is a need for devices that can be used to promote autonomy and independence through engagement with creative(More)