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Cognitive assistive technologies that aid people with dementia (such as Alzheimer's disease) hold the promise to provide such people with an increased level of independence. However, to realize this promise, such systems must account for the specific needs and preferences of individuals. We argue that this form of customization requires a sequential,(More)
This paper discusses the use of computer vision in pervasive healthcare systems, specifically in the design of a sensing agent for an intelligent environment that assists older adults with dementia during an activity of daily living. An overview of the techniques applied in this particular example is provided, along with results from preliminary trials(More)
Older adults with dementia often cannot remember how to complete activities of daily living and require a caregiver to aid them through the steps involved. The use of a computerized guidance system could potentially reduce the reliance on a caregiver. This paper examines the design and preliminary evaluation of a planning system that uses Markov decision(More)
BACKGROUND Many older adults with dementia require constant assistance from a caregiver when completing activities of daily living (ADL). This study examines the efficacy of a computerized device intended to assist people with dementia through ADL, while reducing caregiver burden. The device, called COACH, uses artificial intelligence to autonomously guide(More)
perform routine activities: They cannot remember the proper sequence of steps or how to use the necessary tools. Strategies commonly used by caregiv-ers involve continually providing reminders or cues. Family caregivers find assisting their loved ones to be particularly upsetting and embarrassing, as it necessitates invasion of privacy and role reversal.(More)
Older adults with cognitive impairments are generally prohibited from using powered wheelchairs, because of the high risk of collisions with people and objects. This paper describes and presents the preliminary results of a system that uses an infrared sensor to provide anticollision and a prompting system for a powered wheelchair that helps guide the user(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in cognition caused by dementia can significantly alter how a person perceives familiarity, impacting the recognition and usability of everyday products. A person who is unable to use products cannot autonomously complete associated activities, resulting in increased dependence on a caregiver and potential move to assisted living(More)
A person's ability to be independent is dependent on his or her overall health, mobility, and ability to complete activities of daily living. Intelligent assistive technologies (IATs) are devices that incorporate context into their decision-making process, which enables them to provide customised and dynamic assistance in an appropriate manner. IATs have(More)