Jennifer Aguilar

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Lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (E.C. 1.2.1.22) of Escherichia coli has been purified to homogeneity. It has four apparently equal subunits (molecular weight 55,000 each) and four NAD binding sites per molecule of native enzyme. The enzyme is inducible, only under aerobic conditions, by at least three different types of molecules, the sugars fucose and rhamnose,(More)
Growth experiments with Escherichia coli have shown that this organism is able to use allantoin as a sole nitrogen source but not as a sole carbon source. Nitrogen assimilation from this compound was possible only under anaerobic conditions, in which all the enzyme activities involved in allantoin metabolism were detected. Of the nine genes encoding(More)
Escherichia coli are capable of growing anaerobically on L-rhamnose as a sole source of carbon and energy and without any exogenous hydrogen acceptor. When grown under such condition, synthesis of a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked L-lactaldehydepropanediol oxidoreductase is induced. The functioning of this enzyme results in the regeneration of(More)
L-Lactaldehyde is a branching point in the metabolic pathway of L-fucose and L-rhamnose utilization. Under aerobic conditions, L-lactaldehyde is oxidized to L-lactate by the enzyme lactaldehyde dehydrogenase, while under anaerobic conditions, L-lactaldehyde is reduced to L-1,2-propanediol by the enzyme propanediol oxidoreductase. Aerobic growth on either of(More)
Beneficial effects of cytidine (5') diphosphocholine (CDP-choline) administration on several diseases including brain aging, ischemia and stroke are based on an increase in membrane phospholipid turnover. We have studied the possible involvement of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CT) in this mechanism by measuring its gene expression and enzyme(More)
When grown anaerobically on L-rhamnose, Salmonella typhimurium excreted 1,2-propanediol as a fermentation product. Upon exhaustion of the methyl pentose, 1,2-propanediol was recaptured and further metabolized, provided the culture was kept under anaerobic conditions. n-Propanol and propionate were found in the medium as end products of this process at(More)
The sequencing of the EcoRI-HindIII fragment complementing mutations in the structural genes of the L-rhamnose regulon of Escherichia coli has permitted identification of the open reading frames corresponding to rhaB, rhaA, and rhaD. The deduced amino acid sequences gave a 425-amino-acid polypeptide corresponding to rhamnulose kinase for rhaB, a(More)
Escherichia coli cannot grow on L-lyxose, a pentose analog of the 6-deoxyhexose L-rhamnose, which supports the growth of this and other enteric bacteria. L-Rhamnose is metabolized in E. coli by a system that consists of a rhamnose permease, rhamnose isomerase, rhamnulose kinase, and rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase, which yields the degradation products(More)
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) (EC 1.2.1.12) is an anchorless, multifunctional protein displayed on the surface of several fungi and Gram-positive pathogens, which contributes to their adhesion and virulence. To date a role for extracellular GAPDH in the pathogenesis of Gram-negative bacteria has not been described. The aim of this study(More)
Escherichia coli is capable of growing on L-fucose or L-rhamnose as a sole source of carbon and energy. When grown under anaerobic conditions on either sugar, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked L-lactaldehyde:propanediol oxidoreductase activity is induced. The functioning of this enzyme results in the regeneration of oxidized nicotinamide adenine(More)