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INTRODUCTION The complementary and alternative medicine practice of prescribing chelators to children with autism is based on the premise that the chronic symptoms of autism can be ameliorated by reducing heavy metal body burden. However, there has not been definitive evidence, published to date, to support the assertion that children with autism are at(More)
Variants in the X-linked gene PCDH19 are associated with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy-9. This unusual condition spares hemizygous males except for psychiatric and behavioral abnormalities, and for this reason is also known as female limited epilepsy. Some cases are due to de novo PCDH19 variants, but may also be paternally inherited. Our patient(More)
The availability and use of novel psychoactive substances has risen dramatically over the last decade. The unpredictability of their toxicity constitutes a real challenge. We report a case of an adolescent who developed prolonged encephalopathy after ingesting "Hot Molly," which was found to contain the novel psychoactive substance,(More)
BACKGROUND Medication errors may produce severe toxicity resulting in hospitalization. This can be compounded if the physician obtains the wrong concentration from a reference manual and a pharmacy miscalculates the conversion. We report a child presenting with ileus, hypothermia and lethargy after receiving supratherapeutic dosing of phenytoin after a(More)
Many women of reproductive age in the United States are marginally iodine deficient, perhaps because the salt in processed foods is not iodized. Iodine deficiency, per se, can interfere with normal brain development in their offspring; in addition, it increases vulnerability to the effects of certain environmental pollutants, such as nitrate, thiocyanate,(More)
OBJECTIVES Cisapride was compared with midazolam in vivo to determine its potential applicability as a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 "probe." As well, we evaluated whether cisapride was transported by P-glycoprotein. METHODS Bidirectional transport assays were conducted in LLC-PK1 cells and the derivative cell line L-MDR1 to determine whether cisapride was a(More)
BACKGROUND While cytochrome P4501A2 is the primary pathway for theophylline (aminophylline ethylenediamine) metabolism in adults, it is developmentally immature in the newborn. OBJECTIVE To report the developmental differences in theophylline toxicokinetics of neonates. DESIGN Case series. Three premature neonates received inadvertent intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVE Conventionally, intravenous N-acetylcysteine (IV-NAC) administration is a 3-bag regimen administered over the course of 21 hours, which increases the risk of reconstitution and administration errors. To minimize errors, an alternative IV-NAC regimen consists of a loading dose (150 mg/kg) followed by a maintenance infusion (15 mg/kg/hr) until(More)