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Since the first mutations of the neuronal sodium channel SCN1A were identified 5 years ago, more than 150 mutations have been described in patients with epilepsy. Many are sporadic mutations and cause loss of function, which demonstrates haploinsufficiency of SCN1A. Mutations resulting in persistent sodium current are also common. Coding variants of SCN2A,(More)
The Scn8a gene encodes the voltage-gated Na channel alpha subunit Na(V)1.6, which is widely expressed throughout the nervous system. Global null mutations that eliminate Scn8a in all cells result in severe motor dysfunction and premature death, precluding analysis of the physiological role of Na(V)1.6 in different neuronal types. To test the effect of(More)
Scn8a encodes an abundant, widely distributed voltage-gated sodium channel found throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. Mice with different mutant alleles of Scn8a provide models of the movement disorders ataxia, dystonia, tremor and progressive paralysis. We previously reported that the phenotype of the hypomorphic allele of Scn8a, medJ, is(More)
Mutations in the sodium channel genes SCN1A and SCN2A have been identified in monogenic childhood epilepsies, but SCN3A has not previously been investigated as a candidate gene for epilepsy. We screened a consecutive cohort of 18 children with cryptogenic partial epilepsy that was classified as pharmacoresistant because of nonresponse to carbamazepine or(More)
Mutations in voltage-gated ion channels are responsible for several types of epilepsy. Genetic epilepsies often exhibit variable severity in individuals with the same mutation, which may be due to variation in genetic modifiers. The Scn2a(Q54) transgenic mouse model has a sodium channel mutation and exhibits epilepsy with strain-dependent severity. We(More)
Spontaneous and induced mutations of neuronal Na+ channels in human patients and mutant mice result in a broad range of neurological-disease. Epilepsy, a disorder of neuronal hyperexcitability, has been associated with delayed inactivation of SCN2A in mice, and with altered kinetics of SCN1A in human patients. Movement disorders including tremor, ataxia,(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence from basic neurophysiology and molecular genetics has implicated persistent sodium current conducted by voltage-gated sodium (NaV ) channels as a contributor to the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Many antiepileptic drugs target NaV channels and modulate neuronal excitability, mainly by a use-dependent block of transient sodium current,(More)
Neurons throughout the brain suddenly discharging synchronously and recurrently cause primarily generalized seizures. Discharges localized awhile in one part of the brain cause focal-onset seizures. A genetically determined generalized hyperexcitability had been predicted in primarily generalized seizures, but surprisingly the first epilepsy gene(More)
Mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel gene SCN1A are a major cause of severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (Dravet syndrome) and generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus. This study reports the identification of six de novo SCN1A mutations in patients with severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy, including a tetranucleotide deletion in exon 26.(More)
Mutations in the neuronal voltage-gated sodium channel genes SCN1A and SCN2A are associated with inherited epilepsies, including genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) and Dravet syndrome (severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy). The clinical presentation and severity of these epilepsies vary widely, even in people with the same mutation,(More)