Jennifer A. Hirst

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Adaptor protein (AP) complexes sort cargo into vesicles for transport from one membrane compartment of the cell to another. Four distinct AP complexes have been identified, which are present in most eukaryotes. We report the existence of a fifth AP complex, AP-5. Tagged AP-5 localises to a late endosomal compartment in HeLa cells. AP-5 does not associate(More)
We have cloned and characterized members of a novel family of proteins, the GGAs. These proteins contain an NH(2)-terminal VHS domain, one or two coiled-coil domains, and a COOH-terminal domain homologous to the COOH-terminal "ear" domain of gamma-adaptin. However, unlike gamma-adaptin, the GGAs are not associated with clathrin-coated vesicles or with any(More)
We have used GST pulldowns from A431 cell cytosol to identify three new binding partners for the gamma-adaptin appendage: Snx9, ARF GAP1, and a novel ENTH domain-containing protein, epsinR. EpsinR is a highly conserved protein that colocalizes with AP-1 and is enriched in purified clathrin-coated vesicles. However, it does not require AP-1 to get onto(More)
Adaptor protein complexes (APs) function as vesicle coat components in different membrane traffic pathways; however, there are a number of pathways for which there is still no candidate coat. To find novel coat components related to AP complexes, we have searched the expressed sequence tag database and have identified, cloned, and sequenced a new member of(More)
Despite recent advances in mass spectrometry, proteomic characterization of transport vesicles remains challenging. Here, we describe a multivariate proteomics approach to analyzing clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) from HeLa cells. siRNA knockdown of coat components and different fractionation protocols were used to obtain modified coated vesicle-enriched(More)
Clathrin and adaptors are components of clathrin-coated pits and vesicles. The AP-1 adaptor complex is associated with clathrin-coated vesicles budding from the TGN, while the AP-2 adaptor complex is associated with clathrin-coated vesicles budding from the plasma membrane. The clathrin forms a polyhedral lattice and is believed to be the driving force(More)
The GGAs [Golgi-localised, gamma-ear containing, ARF (ADP ribosylation factor)-binding proteins] and the AP-1 (adaptor protein-1) complex are both adaptors for clathrin-mediated intracellular trafficking, but their relationship to each other is unclear. We have used two complementary systems, HeLa cells and Drosophila Dmel2 cells, to investigate GGA and(More)
We have previously identified a novel family of proteins called the GGAs (Golgi-localized, gamma-ear-containing, ADP-ribosylation factor-binding proteins). These proteins consist of an NH(2)-terminal VHS domain, followed by a GAT domain, a variable domain, and a gamma-adaptin ear homology domain. Studies from our own laboratory and others, making use of(More)
We have previously shown that in HEp-2 cells, multivesicular bodies (MVBs) processing internalized epidermal growth factor-epidermal growth factor receptor complexes mature and fuse directly with lysosomes in which the complexes are degraded. The MVBs do not fuse with a prelysosomal compartment enriched in mannose 6-phosphate receptor (M6PR) as has been(More)
Although adaptor protein complex 1 (AP-1) and Golgi-localized, γ ear-containing, ADP-ribosylation factor-binding proteins (GGAs) are both adaptors for clathrin-mediated intracellular trafficking, the pathways they mediate and their relationship to each other remain open questions. To tease apart the functions of AP-1 and GGAs, we rapidly inactivated each(More)