Jennifer A Giles

Learn More
Strength decrements observed after extended (4-6 wk) periods of muscle unloading are associated with significant atrophy. Because early (up to 2 wk) strength gains from resistance exercise are related to improved neural recruitment, we hypothesized that the loss of strength resulting from 2 wk of muscle unloading [unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS)](More)
The MAPKs ERK1/2 respond to nutrients and other insulin secretagogues in pancreatic β-cells and mediate nutrient-dependent insulin gene transcription. Nutrients also stimulate the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) to regulate protein synthesis. We showed previously that activation of both ERK1/2 and mTORC1 in the MIN6 pancreatic(More)
Pseudoaneurysms of the superior gluteal artery are a rare complication of trauma. They can be diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Angiography, however, is needed for definitive diagnosis. Transcatheter embolisation is now regarded as the treatment of choice. We present a case of superior gluteal artery(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of human neutrophil elastase has been determined. The protein consists of 218 amino acid residues, contains two asparagine-linked carbohydrate side chains, and is joined together by four disulfide bonds. Comparison of the sequence to other serine proteinases indicates only moderate homology with porcine pancreatic elastase(More)
Estrogen exerts many effects on the vascular endothelium. Calmodulin (CaM) is the transducer of Ca(2+) signals and is a limiting factor in cardiovascular tissues. It is unknown whether and how estrogen modifies endothelial functions via the network of CaM-dependent proteins. Here we show that 17β-estradiol (E2) up-regulates total CaM level in endothelial(More)
PCR amplification of the CAG repeat in exon 1 of the IT15 gene is routinely undertaken to confirm a clinical diagnosis of Huntington disease (HD) and to provide predictive testing for at-risk relatives of affected individuals. Our studies have detected null alleles on the chromosome carrying the expanded repeat in three of 91 apparently unrelated HD(More)
The new G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER/GPR30) plays important roles in many organ systems. The plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) is essential for removal of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) and for shaping the time courses of Ca(2+)-dependent activities. Here, we show that PMCA and GPER/GPR30 physically interact and functionally influence each other. In(More)
The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER, formerly also known as GPR30) modulates many Ca2+-dependent activities in endothelial cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We recently reported that GPER acts to prolong cytoplasmic Ca2+ signals by interacting with and promoting inhibitory phosphorylation of the plasma membrane(More)
  • 1