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The inhibition of tyrosine kinases is a successful approach for the treatment of cancers and the discovery of kinase inhibitor drugs is the focus of numerous academic and pharmaceutical laboratories. With this goal in mind, several strategies have been developed to measure kinase activity and to screen novel tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Nevertheless, a(More)
Peptides are increasingly used as therapeutic and diagnostic agents. The combination of bacterial cell-surface display peptide libraries with magnetic- and fluorescence-activated cell sorting technologies provides an efficient and highly effective methodology to identify and engineer peptides for a growing number of molecular recognition applications. Here,(More)
Neuropilin-1 and -2 are critical regulators of angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis, and cell survival as receptors for multiple growth factors. Disulfide-rich peptides that antagonize the growth factor receptors neuropilin-1 and neuropilin-2 were developed using bacterial display libraries. Peptide ligands specific for the VEGFA binding site on neuropilin-1(More)
Peptides within the knottin family have been shown to possess inherent stability, making them attractive scaffolds for the development of therapeutic and diagnostic agents. Given its remarkable stability to proteases, the cyclic peptide kalata B1 was employed as a scaffold to create a large knottin library displayed on the surface of E. coli. A library(More)
As a general strategy to selectively target antibody activity in vivo, a molecular architecture was designed to render binding activity dependent upon proteases in disease tissues. A protease-activated antibody (pro-antibody) targeting vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), a marker of atherosclerotic plaques, was constructed by tethering a binding(More)
Many peptidases are thought to require non-active site interaction surfaces, or exosites, to recognize and cleave physiological substrates with high specificity and catalytic efficiency. However, the existence and function of protease exosites remain obscure owing to a lack of effective methods to identify and characterize exosite-interacting substrates. To(More)
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