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The ongoing development of the hippocampus in adolescence may be vulnerable to stressors. The effects of social instability stress (SS) in adolescence (daily 1 h isolation and change of cage partner postnatal days 30-45) on cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus (DG) in adolescence (on days 33 and 46, experiment 1) and in adulthood (experiment 2) was(More)
PURPOSE Antipsychotic monotherapy is often recommended over antipsychotic polypharmacy because of fewer adverse events, reduced treatment complexity, and lower medication cost. This study compared the rate and the duration of antipsychotic monotherapy following initiation of olanzapine or risperidone in the treatment of outpatients with schizophrenia in(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify key aspects of the impact of cognitive impairment on patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild probable Alzheimer disease (AD) and their informants, and identify overlap and differences between the groups. METHODS Structured focus group discussions were conducted with MCI patients, AD patients,(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the magnitude of child, caregiver, and family distress associated with hospitalization for severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and the posthospitalization recovery period. DESIGN A prospective study of 46 RSV-hospitalized infants and children < or =30 months of age with a history of prematurity (gestational age of < or =35(More)
Adherence and persistence with osteoporosis treatments are essential for reducing fracture risk. Once-daily teriparatide is available in Japan for treating osteoporosis in patients with a high risk of fracture. The study objective was to describe real-world adherence and persistence with once-daily teriparatide 20 μg during the first year of treatment for(More)
BACKGROUND Patient-reported outcomes assessment enhances the understanding of disease impact in a range of disorders. At mild levels of cognitive impairment the patient perspective on functioning, behavior and symptoms can be particularly valuable for syndrome characterization when clinical and neuropsychological findings are limited. We have evaluated the(More)
Prevalent fractures are major contributors to an increased risk of subsequent fractures, particularly in people with osteoporosis. While many studies have been conducted to assess the incidence of fracture in Japanese people with osteoporosis, far fewer have been conducted to assess the risk of subsequent fractures. This article reviews the morbidity,(More)
PURPOSE Treatment continuation is considered an important measure of antipsychotic effectiveness in schizophrenia, reflecting the medication's efficacy, safety, and tolerability from both patients' and clinicians' perspectives. This study identified characteristics of patients with schizophrenia who continue olanzapine therapy for a 1-year period in Japan.(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to examine the direct costs of care for patients newly diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by using retrospective healthcare claims data. METHODS Patients aged 65 years or older with >or=1 claims containing a listed diagnosis of AD between January 1999 and November 2003 were selected. The first observed AD(More)
PURPOSE Although expert guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia recommend antipsychotic monotherapy, the use of antipsychotic polypharmacy is common. This study identified characteristics that differentiate patients with schizophrenia who are treated with olanzapine monotherapy versus polypharmacy in usual care in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a(More)