Jennifer A. Epler

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Immunotherapy for breast cancer using cytotoxic T cells (CTL) is hindered by the lack of well-characterized breast cancer antigens that are expressed in most breast tumor cells and recognized by CD8+ CTL. A recently described breast tissue differentiation antigen, NY-BR-1, is expressed in >80% breast tumors and elicits a humoral response in a subset of(More)
Checkpoint kinase 1 (ChK1) is a serine/threonine kinase that functions as a central mediator of the intra-S and G2-M cell-cycle checkpoints. Following DNA damage or replication stress, ChK1-mediated phosphorylation of downstream effectors delays cell-cycle progression so that the damaged genome can be repaired. As a therapeutic strategy, inhibition of ChK1(More)
The propensity of naive CD4 T cells to become T helper (Th) type 2 cells correlates with susceptibility to infection by the protozoal parasite Leishmania major. Using genetic linkage analysis, we earlier identified Dice1 as a Th2 cell bias-controlling quantitative trait locus on chromosome 16. Using interval-specific congenic mapping, we now resolve Dice1(More)
Signaling pathways intersecting with the p21-activated kinases (PAKs) play important roles in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. By recognizing that the limitations of FRAX1036 (1) were chiefly associated with the highly basic amine it contained, we devised a mitigation strategy to address several issues such as hERG activity. The 5-amino-1,3-dioxanyl(More)
Checkpoint kinase 1 (ChK1) plays a key role in the DNA damage response, facilitating cell-cycle arrest to provide sufficient time for lesion repair. This leads to the hypothesis that inhibition of ChK1 might enhance the effectiveness of DNA-damaging therapies in the treatment of cancer. Lead compound 1 (GNE-783), the prototype of the 1,7-diazacarbazole(More)
T lymphocytes constitute a highly dynamic tissue type. During the course of their lives, they travel through a variety of physiological environments and experience a multitude of interactions with extracellular matrix components and other cells. In order to do this, they must receive many environmental cues, and translate these signals into the appropriate(More)
Aberrant activation of the PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling pathway has been observed in human tumors and tumor cell lines, indicating that these protein kinases may be attractive therapeutic targets for treating cancer. Optimization of advanced lead 1 culminated in the discovery of clinical development candidate 8h, GDC-0349, a potent and selective ATP-competitive(More)
Selective inhibitors of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase based upon saturated heterocycles fused to a pyrimidine core were designed and synthesized. Each series produced compounds with K(i) < 10 nM for the mTOR kinase and >500-fold selectivity over closely related PI3 kinases. This potency translated into strong pathway inhibition, as measured by(More)
We have recently reported a series of tetrahydroquinazoline (THQ) mTOR inhibitors that produced a clinical candidate 1 (GDC-0349). Through insightful design, we hoped to discover and synthesize a new series of small molecule inhibitors that could attenuate CYP3A4 time-dependent inhibition commonly observed with the THQ scaffold, maintain or improve aqueous(More)
p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) has an important role in transducing signals in several oncogenic pathways. The concept of inhibiting this kinase has garnered significant interest over the past decade, particularly for targeting cancers associated with PAK1 amplification. Animal studies with the selective group I PAK (pan-PAK1, 2, 3) inhibitor G-5555 from the(More)