Jennifer A Dyck

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All-trans retinoic acid (RA) has previously been shown to modulate the transcriptional properties of the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR). The inability of all-trans RA to bind to RXR suggests that it may be metabolized to a more active high affinity ligand. We report here an experimental approach that has identified 9-cis RA as an(More)
Molecular cloning and transcriptional activation studies have revealed a new protein similar to the steroid hormone receptors and which responds specifically to vitamin A metabolites. This protein is substantially different in primary structure and ligand specificity from the products of the previously described retinoic acid receptor gene family. By(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is associated with a t(15;17) translocation that creates the promyelocyte-retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RAR alpha) fusion gene. Immunohistochemistry demonstrates that PML is a part of a novel macromolecular organelle (including at least three other nuclear proteins) referred to as PML oncogenic domains (PODs). In APL(More)
The cellular role of the PML-containing nuclear bodies also known as ND10 or PODs remains elusive despite links to oncogenesis and viral replication. Although a potential role in transcription has been considered, direct evidence has been lacking. By developing a novel in vivo nucleic acid labeling approach, we demonstrate the existence of nascent RNA(More)
We have recently described the properties of direct repeats (DRs) of the half-site AGGTCA as hormone response elements (HREs). According to our results, spacing the half sites by 3, 4, or 5 nucleotides determines specificity of response for vitamin D3, thyroid hormone, and retinoic acid receptors, respectively. This so-called 3-4-5 rule led to the(More)
PURPOSE In glaucoma, the optic nerve head (ONH) is the principal site of initial axonal injury, and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the predominant risk factor. However, the initial responses of the ONH to elevated IOP are unknown. Here the authors use a rat glaucoma model to characterize ONH gene expression changes associated with early optic nerve(More)
PURPOSE To determine and compare gene expression patterns in the whole retina and retinal ganglion cell layer (RGCL) in a rodent glaucoma model. METHODS IOP was unilaterally elevated in Brown Norway rats (N = 26) by injection of hypertonic saline and monitored for 5 weeks. A cDNA microarray was used on whole retinas from one group of eyes with extensive(More)
PURPOSE To identify patterns of early gene expression changes in the retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL) of a rodent model of chronic glaucoma. METHODS Prolonged elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) was produced in rats by episcleral vein injection of hypertonic saline (N = 30). GCLs isolated by laser capture microdissection were grouped by grading of(More)
Reduced retrograde transport of neurotrophins (NT) and their receptors has been hypothesized to contribute directly to retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss in glaucoma. However, strategies of supplementing NT and NT receptors have failed to avert ultimate RGC death in experimental glaucoma. This study examines the response of major components of the NT system(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by a consistent chromosomal aberration that fuses the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR alpha) gene with the novel gene PML, resulting in the expression of a PML/RAR-alpha fusion protein. Immunohistochemical examination of APL cells shows a unique abnormal distribution of anti-PML and anti-RAR alpha(More)