Jennie M Gardner

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Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) affects approximately 1/20,000 people worldwide. All forms of OCA exhibit generalized hypopigmentation. Reduced pigmentation during eye development results in misrouting of the optic nerves, nystagmus, alternating strabismus, and reduced visual acuity. Loss of pigmentation in the skin leads to an increased risk for skin cancer.(More)
Complementary DNA clones from the pink-eyed dilution (p) locus of mouse chromosome 7 were isolated from murine melanoma and melanocyte libraries. The transcript from this gene is missing or altered in six independent mutant alleles of the p locus, suggesting that disruption of this gene results in the hypopigmentation phenotype that defines mutant p(More)
Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a genetically heterogeneous hypopigmentation disorder. One of the two major autosomal recessive forms involves the tyrosinase gene (OCA1), while the other form (OCA2) has recently been associated with alterations of the P gene on chromosome 15. OCA2 is about twice as common as OCA1 in African and African-American(More)
In past studies, we cloned the mouse p gene and its human homolog P, which is associated with oculocutaneous albinism type 2. Both mouse and human genes are expressed in melanocytes and encode proteins predicted to have 12 membrane-spanning domains with structural homology to known ion transporters. We have also demonstrated that the p protein is localized(More)
The characterisation of wine yeasts and the complex metabolic processes influencing wine fermentation and the quality of wine might best be achieved by exploiting the standard classical and recombinant genetic techniques which have been successfully used with laboratory strains. However, application of these techniques to industrial strains has been(More)
The pink-eyed dilution (p) locus in the mouse is critical to melanogenesis; mutations in the homologous locus in humans, P, are a cause of type II oculocutaneous albinism. Although a cDNA encoded by the p gene has recently been identified, nothing is known about the protein product of this gene. To characterize the protein encoded by the p gene, we(More)
Recessive mutant alleles at the pink-eyed dilution (p) locus on mouse chromosome 7 reduce pigmentation of both the coat and eyes. Here we describe the properties and complementation interactions of 10 p alleles, including 6 not previously reported. Several alleles that cause additional phenotypes affecting development, reproduction, and behavior were shown(More)
Mutations in the human P gene lead to oculocutaneous albinism type 2 (OCA2, MIM #203200), the most common type of albinism in humans. The P gene encodes a 110 kDa protein that is associated with melonosomal membranes and contains 12 potential membrane spanning domains. The specific function of the P protein is currently unknown. We report 7 new mutations in(More)
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by oculocutaneous albinism, a predisposition to mild bleeding caused by storage-pool deficient platelets, and a ceroid storage disorder. A gene responsible for HPS in Puerto Rico maps to chromosome 10q2 and isolation of the gene has been reported. We have now(More)