Jennie L E Walgren

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Trichloroacetate (TCA) and dichloroacetate (DCA) are hepatocarcinogenic metabolites of the environmental pollutant trichloroethylene (TCE) and are common water contaminants. Induction of peroxisome proliferation via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) has been proposed as a mechanism for their hepatocarcinogenic(More)
Dichloroacetate (DCA) and trichloroacetate (TCA) are hepatocarcinogenic metabolites of the common groundwater contaminant, 1,1,2-trichloroethylene. DCA and TCA have been shown to induce hepatocyte proliferation in vivo, but it is not known if this response is the result of direct mitogenic activity or whether cell replication occurs indirectly in response(More)
Increased flux through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway has been implicated in the development of glucose-induced insulin resistance and may promote the modification of certain proteins with O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc). L6 myotubes (a model of skeletal muscle) were incubated for 18 h in 5 or 25 mM glucose with or without 10 nM insulin. As(More)
R-(+)-alpha-lipoic acid (R-LA) is the naturally occurring enantiomer of LA. It is a strong antioxidant and cofactor of key metabolic enzyme complexes catalyzing the decarboxylation of alpha-keto acids. Racemic LA (rac-LA) has shown promise in treating diabetic polyneuropathy, and some studies suggest that it improves glucose homeostasis in patients with(More)
-( )-lipoic acid (R-LA) is the naturally occuring enantiomer of LA. It is a strong antioxidant and cofactor of key metabolic nzyme complexes catalyzing the decarboxylation of -keto acids. Racemic LA (rac-LA) has shown promise in treating iabetic polyneuropathy, and some studies suggest that it improves glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. e(More)
Dichloroacetate (DCA) and trichloroacetate (TCA) are carcinogenic metabolites of trichloroethylene (TCE), a known hepatocarcinogen in B6C3F1 mice. This hepatocarcinogenesis is believed to result from peroxisome proliferation via PPAR(alpha) and/or stimulation of hepatocyte replication. In this study hPPAR(alpha) levels in six human liver tissues and in a(More)
Dichloroacetate (DCA) and trichloroacetate (TCA) are metabolites of the environmental contaminant trichloroethylene (TCE) that are thought to be responsible for its hepatocarcinogenicity in B6C3F1 mice. TCA and DCA induce peroxisomal proliferation and are mitogenic in rodent liver. The susceptibility of humans to TCA- and DCA-induced hepatocarcinogenesis is(More)
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