Jenni M. Vuola

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BACKGROUND We sought to determine the prevalence of active tuberculosis among ambulatory HIV-infected persons in Tanzania with CD4 cell counts of > or =200 cells/mm3 and a bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccination scar. METHODS Subjects who volunteered for a tuberculosis booster vaccine trial were screened for active tuberculosis by obtainment of a history,(More)
In animals, effective immune responses against malignancies and against several infectious pathogens, including malaria, are mediated by T cells. Here we show that a heterologous prime-boost vaccination regime of DNA either intramuscularly or epidermally, followed by intradermal recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA), induces high frequencies of(More)
Immunological memory is a required component of protective antimalarial responses raised by T cell-inducing vaccines. The magnitude of ex vivo IFN-gamma T cell responses is widely used to identify immunogenic vaccines although this response usually wanes and may disappear within weeks. However, protection in the field is likely to depend on durable central(More)
Due to intracellular growth requirements, large-scale cultures of chlamydiae and purification of its proteins are difficult and laborious. To overcome these problems we produced chlamydial proteins in a heterologous host, Bacillus subtilis, a gram-positive nonpathogenic bacterium. The genes of Chlamydia pneumoniae major outer membrane protein (MOMP), the(More)
Heterologous prime-boost vaccination has been shown to be an efficient way of inducing T cell responses in animals and in humans. We have used three vaccine vectors, naked DNA, modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA), and attenuated fowlpox strain, FP9, for prime-boost vaccination approaches against Plasmodium falciparum malaria in humans. In this study, we(More)
ICC-1132, a recombinant virus-like particle comprising of a modified hepatitis B core protein with a B cell (NANP) and two T cell epitopes of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP), was administered i.m. as a single 50 microg dose in Seppic ISA 720 to 11 volunteers. Local reactogenicity and systemic side effects were acceptable with the(More)
Heterologous prime-boost immunisation with RTS,S/AS02A and the poxvirus MVA-CS was evaluated in 18 healthy malaria-naïve subjects in Oxford. Both priming with RTS,S and boosting MVA-CS, and the reverse, were found to be safe and well tolerated. T cell responses as measured by IFN-gamma ex vivo ELISPOT were induced, but the responses were low to moderate in(More)
The role of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in a Chlamydia pneumoniae mouse model was studied by in vivo neutralization in two inbred mouse strains. During primary C. pneumoniae infection, neutralization of IFN-gamma increased both the numbers of bacteria and the pneumonia score in the lungs of C57BL/6 mice but not BALB/c mice. During reinfection, the(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common intracellular human pathogen that has been associated with several severe pathological conditions, including coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. There is no vaccine against C. pneumoniae infection, but CD8(+) T cells have been shown to be crucial for protection during experimental infection. However, the effector(More)
Immune responses induced by intramuscular DNA immunization with Chlamydia pneumoniae genes coding for the major outer membrane protein (MOMP), cysteine-rich outer membrane protein 2 (Omp2) or the heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) were studied. BALB/c mice were vaccinated intramuscularly three times at 3-week intervals and challenged intranasally 2 weeks after(More)