Jenni Küblbeck

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The human constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) is one of the key regulators of xenobiotic and endobiotic metabolism. The unique properties of human CAR, such as the high constitutive activity and the complexity of signaling, as well as the lack of functional and predictive cell-based assays to study the properties of the receptor, have hindered the(More)
The so-called human xenosensors, constitutive androstane receptor (hCAR), pregnane X receptor (hPXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (hAhR), participate in drug metabolism and transport as well as in several endogenous processes by regulating the expression of their target genes. While the ligand specificities for hPXR and hAhR are relatively well described,(More)
Pesticides are a large group of structurally diverse toxic chemicals. The toxicity may be modified by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activity. In the current study, we have investigated effects and mechanisms of 24 structurally varying pesticides on human CYP expression. Many pesticides were found to efficiently activate human pregnane X receptor (PXR) and/or(More)
Misclassification of Curcuma species (family Zingiberaceae) may lead to unwanted human exposure to Curcuma elata sesquiterpenes zederone and germacrone which have caused hepatotoxicity and changes in CYP expression in laboratory animals. We investigated how these compounds interact with the human cytochrome P450 (CYP) system, in order to evaluate their(More)
Most hepatoma cell lines lack proper expression and induction of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and this deficiency hampers their use as in vitro models for drug and xenobiotic metabolism. According to previous studies, the poor expression of CYP enzymes may be due to decreases in CYP gene transcription. Two nuclear receptors (NRs), the pregnane X receptor(More)
The human constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) is an important regulator of xenobiotic metabolism and other physiological processes. So far, only few CAR agonists are known and no explicit mechanism has been proposed for their action. Thus, we aimed to generate a 3D QSAR model that could explain the molecular determinants of CAR agonist action. To(More)
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) has emerged as one of the main drug- and xenobiotic-sensitive transcriptional regulators. It has a major effect on the expression of several oxidative and conjugative enzymes and transporters, and hence, CAR can contribute to drug/drug interactions. Novel functions for CAR are also emerging: it is able to(More)
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) is a nuclear receptor responsible for the recognition of potentially toxic endo- and exogenous compounds whose elimination from the body is accelerated by the CAR-mediated inducible expression of metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Despite the importance of CAR, few human agonists are known so far.(More)
A three-dimensional micro-scale perfusion-based two-chamber (3D-μPTC) tissue model system was developed to test the cytotoxicity of anticancer drugs in conjunction with liver metabolism. Liver cells with different cytochrome P450 (CYP) subtypes and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) brain cancer cells were cultured in two separate chambers connected in tandem.(More)
The human intestinal Caco-2 cell line has been extensively used as a model of small intestinal absorption but it lacks expression and function of cytochrome P450 enzymes, particularly CYP3A4 and CYP2C9, which are normally expressed in the intestinal epithelium. In order to increase the expression and activity of CYP isozymes in these cells, we created 2(More)