Jennelle E. Yopchick

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RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES New causal theories explaining the aetiology of psychiatric disorders continuously appear in the literature. How might such new information directly impact clinical practice, to the degree that clinicians are aware of it and accept it? We investigated whether expert clinical psychologists and students use new causal(More)
How does the causal structure of a problem concept influence judgments of treatment efficacy? We argue that the task of evaluating treatment efficacy involves a combination of causal reasoning and categorization. After an exemplar has been categorized, a treatment task involves judging where to intervene in the causal structure to eradicate the problem,(More)
Recent research suggests that adults utilize thematic relations as well as taxonomic relations for guiding inductive inferences, and that thematic relations grow in salience with experience in a given domain. The present study examines the impact of experience on the salience of thematic versus taxonomic inferences. 151 kindergarten through sixth-grade(More)
What factors contribute to hindsight bias, the phenomenon whereby the known outcome of an event appears obvious only after the fact? The Causal Model Theory (CMT) of hindsight bias (Nestler et al. in Soc Psychol 39:182–188, 2008a; in J Expl Psychol: Learn Mem Cog 34:1043–1054, 2008b; Pezzo in Mem 11:421–441, 2003; Wasserman et al. in Pers Soc Psychol Bull(More)
Lay people and experienced clinicians alike judge the abnormality of behaviors with reference to causal, explanatory events. However, different kinds of experience abound; for example, parents may encounter fewer exemplars than clinicians, but are experienced in reasoning about the real-world ramifications of children’s behaviors. When reasoning about child(More)
When trying to determine the root cause of an observed effect, people may seek out information with which to test a candidate hypothesis. In two studies, we investigated how knowledge of causal structure influences this information-seeking process. Specifically, we asked whether people would choose to test for pieces of evidence that were far apart or close(More)
A daily challenge in clinical practice is to adequately explain disorders and treatments to patients of varying levels of literacy in a time-limited situation. Drawing jointly upon research on causal reasoning and multimodal theory, the authors asked whether adding visual causal models to clinical explanations promotes patient learning. Participants were 86(More)
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