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Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) has drawn significant interest in the neuroscience research community because it is one of the most compelling targets for a potential disease-modifying Parkinson's disease therapy. Herein, we disclose structurally diverse small molecule inhibitors suitable for assessing the implications of sustained in vivo LRRK2(More)
There is a high demand for potent, selective, and brain-penetrant small molecule inhibitors of leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) to test whether inhibition of LRRK2 kinase activity is a potentially viable treatment option for Parkinson's disease patients. Herein we disclose the use of property and structure-based drug design for the optimization of(More)
A herpesvirus was isolated from buffy coat cells from a newborn wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and from tissues of a 12-day-old wildebeest during the 1982 calving season of a captive, inbred herd maintained in a zoologic collection. Both wildebeests were clinically healthy, and there was no herd record that malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) existed. Each(More)
Dysfunctional signaling through the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR pathway leads to uncontrolled tumor proliferation. In the course of the discovery of novel benzoxepin PI3K inhibitors, we observed a strong dependency of in vivo antitumor activity on the free-drug exposure. By lowering the intrinsic clearance, we derived a set of(More)
Cell cultures inoculated with 5 different viral isolates from 4 species of ruminants with clinical signs of malignant catarrhal fever (from the San Diego Wild Animal Park) were examined by electron microscopy. Each had the morphology of a herpesvirus (118 to 220 nm) and was icosahedral, and the nucleocapsid matured in the nucleus of the infected cell.(More)
The two major Aurora kinases carry out critical functions at distinct mitotic stages. Selective inhibitors of these kinases, as well as pan-Aurora inhibitors, show antitumor efficacy and are now under clinical investigation. However, the ATP-binding sites of Aurora A and Aurora B are virtually identical, and the structural basis for selective inhibition has(More)
Activating mutations within the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase domain, commonly L858R or deletions within exon 19, increase EGFR-driven cell proliferation and survival and are correlated with impressive responses to the EGFR inhibitors erlotinib and gefitinib in nonsmall cell lung cancer patients. Approximately 60% of acquired resistance to(More)
Efforts to identify potent small molecule inhibitors of PI3 kinase and mTOR led to the discovery of the exceptionally potent 6-aryl morpholino thienopyrimidine 6. In an effort to reduce the melting point in analogs of 6, the thienopyrimidine was modified by the addition of a methyl group to disrupt planarity. This modification resulted in a general(More)
Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling through PI3Kα has received significant attention for its potential in cancer therapy. While the PI3K pathway is a well-established and widely pursued target for the treatment of many cancer types due to the high frequency of abnormal PI3K signaling, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is particularly(More)
To minimize the risk of failure in clinical trials, drug discovery teams must propose active and selective clinical candidates with good physicochemical properties. An additional challenge is that today drug discovery is often conducted by teams at different geographical locations. To improve the collaborative decision making on which compounds to(More)