Learn More
BACKGROUND Understanding the mortality rate of methamphetamine users, especially in relation to other drug users, is a core component of any evaluation of methamphetamine-related harms. Although methamphetamine abuse has had a major impact on United States (U.S.) drug policy and substance-abuse treatment utilization, large-scale cohort studies assessing(More)
BACKGROUND Intraductal carcinoma (IDC) of prostate is a distinct entity associated with higher Gleason score and poor prognosis. The prognostic significance of large cribriform Gleason pattern 4 (LC) in conjunction with IDC has not been previously investigated. The aim of our study was to determine the impact of IDC and LC on biochemical recurrence-free(More)
PURPOSE To describe outcomes of prospective trials of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two trials of SBRT for patients with active HCC unsuitable for standard locoregional therapies were conducted from 2004 to 2010. All patients had Child-Turcotte-Pugh class A disease, with at least 700 mL of(More)
BACKGROUND Since methamphetamine and other amphetamine-type stimulants (meth/amphetamine) can damage dopaminergic neurons, researchers have long speculated that these drugs may predispose users to develop Parkinson's disease (PD), a dopamine deficiency neurological disorder. METHODS We employed a retrospective population-based cohort study using all(More)
Herein we provide a detailed molecular analysis of the spatial heterogeneity of clinically localized, multifocal prostate cancer to delineate new oncogenes or tumor suppressors. We initially determined the copy number aberration (CNA) profiles of 74 patients with index tumors of Gleason score 7. Of these, 5 patients were subjected to whole-genome sequencing(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical data suggest that TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusions, present in about 50% of prostate cancers, may be a surrogate for DNA repair status and therefore a biomarker for DNA-damaging agents. To test this hypothesis, we examined whether TMPRSS2-ERG status was associated with biochemical failure after clinical induction of DNA damage following(More)
Despite the use of PSA, Gleason score, and T-category as prognosticators in intermediate-risk prostate cancer, 20-40% of patients will fail local therapy. In order to optimize treatment approaches for intermediate-risk patients, additional genetic prognosticators are needed. Previous reports using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in radical(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical prognostic groupings for localised prostate cancers are imprecise, with 30-50% of patients recurring after image-guided radiotherapy or radical prostatectomy. We aimed to test combined genomic and microenvironmental indices in prostate cancer to improve risk stratification and complement clinical prognostic factors. METHODS We used(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) may benefit from treatments based on more accurate prognosis. A 15-gene prognostic classifier for NSCLC was identified from mRNA expression profiling of tumor samples from the NCIC CTG JBR.10 trial. In this study, we assessed its value in an independent set of cases. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Conditions of poor oxygenation (hypoxia) are present in many human tumors, including cervix cancer, and are associated with increased risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. Hypoxia is a potent activator of the PERK/eIF2α signaling pathway, a component of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and an important mediator of hypoxia tolerance and tumor(More)