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We have investigated the transport of ranitidine and ondansetron across the Caco-2 cell monolayers. The apparent permeability co-efficients (Papp) were unchanged throughout the concentration range studied, indicating a passive diffusion pathway across intestinal mucosa. No metabolism was observed for ranitidine and ondansetron during the incubation with(More)
Male and female beagle dogs showed rapid absorption following oral administration of single oral gavage (40 mg/kg) and single or multiple (15 days) oral capsule (10, 40, and 150 mg/kg) doses of the novel anticonvulsant drug, topiramate, with the peak plasma concentration (Cmax) occurring between 0.6 and 3.8 hr. The absolute bioavailability of an oral dose(More)
We investigated the hypothesis that distributions of continuous pharmacokinetic variables are positively skewed in nature and that logarithmic transformation of these variables restores normality. The distributions of common continuous noncompartmental pharmacokinetic variables were investigated for four different Glaxo Wellcome compounds, administered by(More)
Hepatic oxidative metabolism accounts for more than 95% of ondansetron clearance from the body. The major excreted metabolites are conjugates of 7-hydroxy or 8-hydroxyondansetron, which appear to contribute little to the activity of the parent drug. Ondansetron plasma clearance averages approximately 0.45 L/h/kg, is similar in young male volunteers and(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors are new compounds of interest for cancer chemotherapy. We performed a study with GI147211, a new semisynthetic camptothecin analogue, to determine the absolute bioavailability of the drug given orally. Patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of a solid tumour refractory to standard forms of therapy were eligible for the(More)
The in vitro metabolism of RWJ-34130, an antiarrhythmic agent, was conducted using rat hepatic 9000 x g supernatant (S9) and microsomes in an NADPH-generating system, and the rat liver perfusion. The 100 and 20 microg ml(-1) concentrations of RWJ-34130 aqueous solution were used for microsomal incubation and liver perfusion, respectively. Unchanged(More)
A study was conducted to determine whether N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR) affects the development of new mammary tumors subsequent to the surgical removal of the first palpable tumor. Sprague-Dawley female rats were injected i.v. with 35 mg N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) per killogram body weight at 50 days of age. The first palpable tumor was removed(More)
Ondansetron is a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist which is effective and well tolerated as an antiemetic for emesis induced by cancer chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and in the prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Ondansetron is rapidly absorbed after oral administration (tmax 1.9 h) with an absolute bioavailability of around 60%. Its(More)
Modest differences in the clearance of the 5HT3 antagonist, ondansetron, among different age groups were detected in two groups of healthy elderly volunteers, one group aged 61 to 74 years ("elderly") and the other 75 to 82 ("aged") years, in addition to young healthy subjects. Both a single 0.15 mg/kg intravenous dose and a single 8 mg oral dose were(More)
The tissue distribution of propranolol after i.v. administration (1.5 and 7.5 mg/kg) was studied in rats. Lung, brain and kidney showed extensive propranolol tissue binding. Propranolol uptake by lung seemed to be a saturable process. In contrast to the above tissues, liver propranolol concentrations remained low over the time period of study. An increase(More)