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The face is a rich source of information about human behavior. Available methods for coding facial displays, however, are human-observer dependent, labor intensive, and difficult to standardize. To enable rigorous and efficient quantitative measurement of facial displays, we have developed an automated method of facial display analysis. In this report, we(More)
Current approaches to automated analysis have focused on a small set of prototypic expressions (e.g., joy or anger). Prototypic expressions occur infrequently in everyday life, however, and emotion expression is far more varied. To capture the full range of emotion expression, automated discrimination of fine-grained changes in facial expression is needed.(More)
Automated recognition of facial expression is an important addition to computer vision research because of its relevance to the study of psychological phenomena and the development of human-computer interaction (HCI). We developed a computer vision system that automatically recognizes individual action units or action unit combinations in the upper face(More)
We have developed a computer vision system, including both facial feature extraction and recognition, that automatically discriminates among subtly different facial expressions. Expression classification is based on Facial Action Coding System (FACS) action units (AUs), and discrimination is performed using Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). Three methods are(More)
This study presents a rapid image completion system comprising a training (or analysis) process and an image completion (or synthesis) process. The proposed system adopts a multiresolution approach, which not only improves the convergence rate of the synthesis process, but also provides the ability to deal with large replaced regions. In the training(More)