Jeni R Mcneal

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Athletes in sports such as the gymnastics who perform the still rings cross position are disadvantaged due to a lack of objective and convenient measurement methods. The gymnastics "cross "is a held isometric strength position considered fundamental to all still rings athletes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if two small force platforms(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a maximal repeated-jumps task on force production, muscle activation and kinematics, and to determine if changes in performance were dependent on gender. METHODS Eleven male and nine female athletes performed continuous countermovement jumps for 60 s on a force platform while muscle(More)
Most gymnastics coaches would agree that flexibility is an essential aspect of gymnastics training and performance. Flexibility is frequently included in talent identification and screening measures for gymnasts, divers, and dancers (2, 10, 11, 16, 20, 21). In spite of a fairly universal recognition of the need for flexibility in gymnastics, surprisingly(More)
In the floor exercise, a gymnast may receive a general composition score deduction associated with a lack of diverse tumbling sequences. Diversity in tumbling is defined as the ability to tumble both forward and backward, as well as twist and flip. A coach's ability to direct technical and physical training for these skill varieties is enhanced when(More)
Trends in pairs figure skating have shown that increasingly difficult jumps have become an essential aspect of high-level performance, especially in the latter part of a competitive program. We compared a repeated jump power index in a 60 s repeated jump test to determine the relationship of repeated jump test to competitive rank and to measure 2D hip,(More)
Gymnastics is noted for involving highly specialized strength, power, agility and flexibility. Flexibility is perhaps the single greatest discriminator of gymnastics from other sports. The extreme ranges of motion achieved by gymnasts require long periods of training, often occupying more than a decade. Gymnasts also start training at an early age(More)
Portraying the characteristics required for high level performance is often difficult due to a lack of agreement on definitions and the multi-dimensional nature of human performance. While scientists continue to debate the role of the various biochemical pathways in producing the energy needed for muscle tension, a practical framework for evaluating(More)
Many sports have justifiably toyed with the idea of limits to the continued growth and betterment of performance. Several sport scientists have studied the progress of various sports to determine the overall trend of the sport's development and to study the limits of In searching for a means of understanding the overall development of gymnastics, and(More)
Abdominal exercises are often performed on roller or rocker mechanisms, which have been aggressively promoted through the television and print media. However, justifications are lacking as to why these devices are superior to traditional abdominal exercises such as crunches. This study sought to describe and compare the range of motion (ROM) of several(More)
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