Jeng-Woei Lee

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Avian reovirus (ARV) strain S1133 causes apoptosis in host cells in the middle to late stages of infection. This study investigated the early-stage biological response and intracellular signaling in ARV S1133-infected Vero and chicken cells. Treatment with conditioned medium from ARV S1133-infected cells increased the chemotactic activity of U937 cells.(More)
PRV infection causes apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. However, the significance of PRV-induced apoptosis and its signaling pathways is still unknown. This work investigates the role of MAPK pathways in mediating PRV-induced apoptosis. Flow cytometry, apoptosis ELISA and western blotting using antibodies against cleaved caspase-3, -6 and PARP demonstrated(More)
Although L-amino oxidase (LAAO; EC 1.4.3.2) has been reported to be a potent antibacterial agent, the mechanism responsible for its antibacterial activity has not been identified. The present study aimed to identify the mechanism responsible for the antibacterial activity of Th-LAAO, an LAAO recently isolated from the extracellular proteins of Trichoderma(More)
Trichoderma spp. are used as biocontrol agents against phytopathogens such as Rhizoctonia solani, but their biocontrol mechanisms are poorly understood. A novel L-amino oxidase (Th-LAAO) was identified from the extracellular proteins of Trichoderma harzianum ETS 323. Here, we show a FAD-binding glycoprotein with the best substrate specificity constant for(More)
Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is a proapoptotic gene that selectively induces cell death in most cancer cells. In addition to the increased percentage of apoptotic cells, caspase-3 activity, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, we demonstrate that elevated expression of Par-4 and nuclear entry resulted in apoptosis of nasopharyngeal(More)
We established Hep3B cells stably-expressing wild-type and mutated AMF/PGI with differing enzymatic activities in order to investigate how AMF/PGI affects TGF-beta-induced apoptosis, and demonstrated that AMF/PGI against TGF-beta-induced apoptosis was correlated with its enzymatic activity. AMF/PGI did not alter TGF-beta-receptor expression nor affect(More)
Phosphoglucose isomerase/autocrine motility factor (PGI/AMF) catalyzes the isomerization between glucose-6-phosphate and fructose-6-phosphate, and is involved in cytokine activity, mitogenesis, differentiation, oncogenesis, and tumor metastasis. Presently, we demonstrate that exogenous PGI/AMF stimulates the migration of Huh7 and HepG2 hepatoma cells, but(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) augments apoptosis in various tumors, either during apoptotic insult or by ectopic overexpression. However, investigation of Par-4 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is lacking. METHODS Specimens from patients with NPC, hypopharyngeal carcinoma (HPC), or oral cavity cancer were examined for Par-4(More)
ARV S1133 infection caused apoptosis in vivo and in vitro; however, the intracellular signaling pathways have not been fully delineated. We have previously demonstrated that ARV S1133 activates proapoptotic signaling from Src to p53, and further investigated how ARV S1133 modulates p53. We found that ARV S1133 forms syncytia and induces apoptosis in CEF,(More)
The second open reading frame of avian reovirus S1 gene segment encodes a 17 kDa non-structural protein, named p17. The biological role of p17 is fully unknown so far. Using trypan blue dye exclusion and MTT assay, we demonstrated that the ectopic expression of p17 results in the reduction of viable cell number and cell proliferation rate of Vero, BHK, 293,(More)