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Oxaliplatin is effective in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) patients; however, severe neurotoxicity develops frequently. To assess the efficacy of oral glutamine for preventing neuropathy induced by oxaliplatin, a pilot study was performed. A total of 86 patients with MCRC treated at Taipei Veterans General Hospital were enrolled.(More)
PURPOSE Acute diverticulitis is a disease with a wide clinical spectrum, ranging from a phlegmon (stage Ia), to localized abscesses (stages Ib and II), to free perforation with purulent (stage III) or feculent peritonitis (stage IV). While there is little debate about the best treatment for mild episodes and/or very severe episodes, uncertainty persists(More)
PURPOSE The features of T1 colorectal adenocarcinoma and the risk determination of lymph node metastasis were reviewed. Prognostic factors were assessed to verify whether the risk of lymph node metastasis would influence the long-term prognosis. METHODS Patients undergoing curative resection of T1 colorectal adenocarcinoma at the Taipei Veterans General(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that the uridine-diphosphoglucuronosyl transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1)*28 polymorphism reduces UGT1A1 enzyme activity, which may lead to severe toxicities in patients who receive irinotecan. This study was conducted to assess the influence of this polymorphism on the efficacy and toxicity of irinotecan treatment in Chinese patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) of different onset ages is controversial. METHODS Data were obtained from a prospective database at Taipei Veterans General Hospital. There were 2,738 newly diagnosed patients with CRC from 2001 to 2006. Two extreme age groups, younger (≤40 years) and elderly (≥80 years), were analyzed to(More)
Asymmetrical cell division (ACD) maintains the proper number of stem cells to ensure self-renewal. In cancer cells, the deregulation of ACD disrupts the homeostasis of the stem cell pool and promotes tumour growth. However, this mechanism is unclear. Here, we show a reduction of ACD in spheroid-derived colorectal cancer stem cells (CRCSCs) compared with(More)
PURPOSE Adjuvant chemotherapy use in stage II colorectal cancer (CRC) is debated. We evaluated the prognostic significance of clinicopathological features recommended by most guidelines for identifying high-risk stage II CRC and adjuvant chemotherapeutic response. METHODS We enrolled 1,039 stage II CRC patients who underwent curative surgery at Taipei(More)
BACKGROUND Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has emerged as the area of focus in laparoscopic surgery. Hybrid NOTES (hNOTES) has some potential advantages for treating rectal cancer. METHODS Between May 2013 and November 2013, a total of 20 patients (11 males) who received hNOTES at two institutes participating in the study were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of this study was to identify the occurrence and analyze the characteristics of metachronous colorectal cancers, and to compare the characteristics of these cases (index tumor) with the control group to find any predicting factor that may influence the occurrence of metachronous cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The database of(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level is considered as a factor predictive of survival in colorectal cancer patients. Patients with normal (<5 ng/ml) or lower preoperative CEA levels were reported to have significantly longer survival. This study was carried out in an effort to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative CEA(More)