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The p53 tumour suppressor is activated by numerous stressors to induce apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, or senescence. To study the biological effects of altered p53 function, we generated mice with a deletion mutation in the first six exons of the p53 gene that express a truncated RNA capable of encoding a carboxy-terminal p53 fragment. This mutation confers(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling plays an important role in cell growth and differentiation. Mutations in the EGFR gene and EGFR gene amplifications have been associated with increased responsiveness to selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). By contrast, EGF may also stimulate apoptosis in tumor cells, depending on EGFR and(More)
The Wip1 gene is a serine/threonine phosphatase that is induced in a p53-dependent manner by DNA-damaging agents. We show here that Wip1 message is expressed in moderate levels in all organs, but is present at very high levels in the testes, particularly in the postmeiotic round spermatid compartment of the seminiferous tubules. We have confirmed that Wip1(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) are potent anticancer drugs, and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid is used for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma patients. We synthesized a novel hydroxamate-based HDACI, CG0006, and assessed its antiproliferative effects on the NCI-60 cancer cell panel and cell lines from liver and stomach cancers that are(More)
Mucinous adenocarcinoma is an uncommon type of endometrial adenocarcinoma for which precursor lesions have yet to be clarified. During a review of noncancerous endometrial lesions in postmenopausal women, we found that mucinous endometrial glands showed variable degrees of epithelial changes that ranged from the formation of simple tubular glands to the(More)
Non-lymphoid mesenchymal neoplasms of salivary gland origin are rare, accounting for 1.9-5% of major salivary gland tumors. We describe the clinico-pathologic features of 18 cases of mesenchymal neoplasms of the major salivary glands experienced at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, from 1998 to 2004. Mesenchymal neoplasms accounted for 3.4% of the total of(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase reactant synthesized in the liver. CRP immunoreactivity is a feature of inflammatory hepatocellular adenomas with a higher risk of malignant transformation. A high serum CRP level denotes poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. This study was conducted to determine whether CRP is(More)
Hyperinsulinism-hyperammonemia syndrome is due either to hyperactivity of GDH or impaired inhibition of GDH by GTP. We have investigated the effect of Cimicifuga heracleifolia extract on the activities of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) in cultured rat islets. When the extract was present in the culture medium for 24 h prior to cell harvest, the Vmax of GDH(More)
Clear cell sarcoma (CCS) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma with morphological similarities to malignant melanoma (MM), but with a distinct genetic background that includes the chromosomal translocation t(12;22)(q13;q12). Clear cell sarcoma is often misdiagnosed as MM because of similarities in target locations and immunophenotypes. Eighteen cases with MM in(More)
AIM To investigate the anticancer effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) in combination with sorafenib in wild-type and mutant von Hippel-Lindau (VHL)-expressing renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS We exposed clear cell RCC cells to HDACIs (vorinostat or belinostat) or sorafenib. We performed(More)