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Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) belongs to a highly conserved family of protein serine/threonine kinase whose members in high eukaryotes are involved in hormonal regulation, nuclear signaling, and cell fate determination. We have identified two zebrafish homologues related to mammalian GSK-3, ZGSK-3alpha and ZGSK-3beta. ZGSK-3alpha was expressed(More)
Caffeine is a widely consumed substance that occurs in numerous dietary sources, but teratogenic effects of caffeine intake during embryonic development are still not clear. In the present study, we used the zebrafish as a model to assess caffeine-induced toxicity on embryonic vascular development. A green fluorescent vascular endothelium transgenic line,(More)
This study explored the effects of inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+)-ATPase on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced protein kinase C (PKC) activation, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) translocation, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Thapsigargin (TG) irreversibly inhibits(More)
Background: Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase, is known to play roles in many biological processes. Two closely related GSK3 isoforms encoded by distinct genes: GSK3α (51 kDa) and GSK3β (47 kDa). In previously studies, most GSK3 inhibitors are not only inhibiting GSK3, but are also affecting many other kinases. In(More)
von Hippel-Lindau (pVHL)-mediated ubiquitination of HIF-1α plays a central role in the cellular responses to changes in oxygen availability. In the present study, using zebrafish as a model, we showed that specific knockdown of endogenous vhl leads to pronephros malformation and renal failure. Knockdown of vhl resulted in abnormal kidney development,(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (Gsk3b) acts as a negative modulator in endothelial cells through the Wnt/β-catenin/PI3K/AKT/Gsk3b axis in cancer-induced angiogenesis. However, the function of Gsk3b during embryonic angiogenesis remains unclear. Here, either gsk3b knockdown by morpholino or Gsk3b loss of activity by LiCl treatment had serious phenotypic(More)
The cyclin-dependent protein kinase family regulates a wide range of cellular functions such as cell cycle progression, differentiation, and apoptosis. In this study, we identified a zebrafish cyclin-dependent protein kinase-like 1 protein called zebrafish cdkl1 (zcdkl1), which shared a high degree of homology and conserved synteny with mammalian orthologs.(More)
A cDNA which encodes for zebrafish serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) has been cloned into a pET43.1a vector as a NdeI-EcoRI insert and transformed into HMS174(DE3) cells. After induction with isopropyl thiogalactoside, the enzyme was purified with a three-step purification protocol and about 15 mg of pure enzyme was obtained per liter of culture.(More)
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) provides activated one-carbon units required for the biosynthesis of nucleotides, protein, and methyl group by converting serine and tetrahydrofolate to glycine and N(5),N(10)-methylenetetrahydrofolate. It is postulated that SHMT activity is associated with the development of methotrexate resistance and the in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase, is known to play roles in many biological processes. Two closely related GSK3 isoforms encoded by distinct genes: GSK3alpha (51 kDa) and GSK3beta (47 kDa). In previously studies, most GSK3 inhibitors are not only inhibiting GSK3, but are also affecting many other(More)