Jen Mou Chen

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We show by site-directed mutagenesis that the catalytic residues of mammalian legumain, a recently discovered lysosomal asparaginycysteine endopeptidase, form a catalytic dyad in the motif His-Gly-spacer-Ala-Cys. We note that the same motif is present in the caspases, aspartate-specific endopeptidases central to the process of apoptosis in animal cells, and(More)
Legumain is a cysteine endopeptidase that shows strict specificity for hydrolysis of asparaginyl bonds. The enzyme belongs to peptidase family C13, and is thus unrelated to the better known cysteine peptidases of the papain family, C1 (Rawlings, N. D., and Barrett, A. J. (1994) Methods Enzymol. 244, 461-486). To date, legumain has been described only from(More)
The processing and activation of prolegumain were studied using the recombinant protein synthesized by cells that had been stably transfected with a human legumain cDNA construct. A cell line termed C13 was selected for the high-level expression of prolegumain. C13 cells produced primarily 56 kDa prolegumain. The 56 kDa form was enzymically inactive but(More)
The activation of progelatinase A to gelatinase A requires cleavage of an asparaginyl bond to form the N-terminus of the mature enzyme. We have asked whether the activation can be mediated by legumain, the recently discovered lysosomal cysteine proteinase that is specific for hydrolysis of asparaginyl bonds. Addition of purified legumain to the concentrated(More)
Chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) transformed by Rous sarcoma virus (RSVCEF) secrete a 70-kDa metallo-gelatinase at elevated levels over that of normal CEF. The 70-kDa enzyme has been purified from RSVCEF conditioned medium and represents 1-3% of the total protein in the RSVCEF conditioned medium. A 22-kDa protein, which appears to be the avian form of the(More)
Zinc metallopeptidases that contain the His-Glu-Xaa-Xaa-His (HEXXH) motif generally have a third ligand of the metal ion that may be either a Glu residue (in clan MA) or a His residue (in clan MB) (Rawlings and Barrett (1995) Methods Enzymol. 248, 183-228). Thimet oligopeptidase has not yet been assigned to either clan, and both Glu and His residues have(More)
An antiserum was raised against chicken thimet oligopeptidase (TOP), and specific antibodies were isolated by immunoadsorption. The specificity of the antibodies was confirmed by immunoblot analysis with the cell extract of cultured chicken fibroblasts. Subcellular localization of TOP in normal and Rous sarcoma virus-transformed chicken embryonic(More)
Legumain, a recently discovered mammalian cysteine endopeptidase, was found in all mouse tissues examined, but was particularly abundant in kidney and placenta. The distribution in subcellular fractions of mouse and rat kidney showed a lysosomal localization, and activity was detectable only after the organelles were disrupted. Nevertheless, ratios of(More)