Jen-Chung Chien

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BACKGROUND Acute blood loss linked to severe hypovolemia and hemorrhagic shock is a critical condition in pediatric intensive care. This study was to investigate the role of various fluid resuscitation approaches to cerebral tissue oxygenation using a piglet model of hemorrhagic shock. METHODS Thirty piglets received blood removal to induce hemorrhagic(More)
BACKGROUND Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis and may cause coronary artery abnormalities. Due to the higher incidence in Asian countries, most pediatricians in Taiwan are familiar with KD. However, there are still some patients being diagnosed 10 days after the onset of the illness and not receiving a highly effective therapy. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Infants and children who undergo surgical repair of complex congenital heart diseases are prone to developing renal dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with prolonged peritoneal dialysis (PD) and the mortality of pediatric patients with acute renal failure (ARF) after open heart surgery. METHODS(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a distinct subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is rare in children (< 10% of childhood AML). It tends to bleed with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and intracranial hemorrhage complication is often fatal. We report a 12-year-old child with APL who suffered a subdural hemorrhage and initially(More)
BACKGROUND Transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) has become an effective method for surgical treatment. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) for sizing ASDs compared with conventional methods. METHODS Between January 2004 and December 2006, 270 patients underwent(More)
The SCN5A mutations have been associated with a variety of arrhythmic disorders, including type 3 long QT syndrome (LQT3), Brugada syndrome and inherited cardiac conduction defects. The relationship between genotype and phenotype in SCN5A mutations is complex. Some SCN5A mutations may cause death or severe manifestations in some people and may not cause any(More)
The urorectal septum malformation sequence (URSMS) consists of multiple systems anomalies including ambiguous genitalia, the absence of a perineal opening, an imperforate anus, and urogenital, colonic and lumbosacral anomalies. We describe a 3-day-old female infant with characteristic URSMS and review its clinical manifestations, outcomes and putative(More)
Giant congenital melanocytic nevi are rare, with an estimated incidence of approximately 1 in 20,000 live births. They increase the lifetime risk for malignant melanoma and neurological deficits, including leptomeningeal melanocytosis and epilepsy. Recently, we encountered two patients in whom giant congenital melanocytic nevi were noted at birth. Case 1(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxic events and cardiac arrest may cause brain damage in critical infants. This study investigated cerebral tissue oxygenation and oxygen extraction in a piglet model of hypoxic events, cardiac arrest and effects of resuscitation. METHODS For the hypoxia experiment, anesthetized newborn piglets were randomized to a hypoxia group (n = 8) with(More)
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