Jemima A Frimpong

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BACKGROUND Uptake of HIV testing and counseling (HTC) is lower among members of the poorest households in sub-Saharan countries, thereby creating significant inequalities in access to HTC and possibly antiretroviral treatment. OBJECTIVES To measure uptake of home-based HTC and estimate HIV prevalence among members of the poorest households in a(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined trends and organizational-level correlates of the availability of HCV testing in opioid treatment programs. METHODS We used generalized ordered logit models to examine associations between organizational characteristics of 383 opioid treatment programs from the 2005 and 2011 National Drug Abuse Treatment System Survey and HCV(More)
BACKGROUND Health insurance premium exemptions for pregnant women are a strategy to increase coverage of maternal health services in sub-Saharan countries. We examine health insurance registration among pregnant women before or after the introduction of a premium exemption, and test whether registration increases utilization of maternal health services. (More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether supervision of primary health care workers improves their productivity in four districts of Northern Ghana. METHODS We conducted a time-use study during which the activities of health workers were repeatedly observed and classified. Classification included four categories: direct patient care; documentation and reporting;(More)
OBJECTIVES This study characterizes the variations in malaria morbidity for Accra. METHODS Both routine reporting of presumptive, clinically diagnosed malaria in out-patient clinics and results from a longitudinal household survey are used in the analysis. In the household survey, cases of suspected malaria were self-reported by patients, based on(More)
The health care industry has undergone dramatic changes over the past decade. Advances in technologies are being implemented, making the health care industry more complex. In response to increasing administrative costs, the inability to control the collection and distribution of an individual's health information, and the rising costs of health care, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Rapid HIV testing (RHT) greatly increases the proportion of clients who learn their test results. However, existing studies have not examined the adoption and implementation of RHT in programs treating persons with substance use disorders, one of the population groups at higher risk for HIV infection. METHODS We examined 196 opioid treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine participation in polio supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in sub-Saharan Africa among users and non-users of routine immunization services and among users who were compliant or non-compliant with the routine oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) immunization schedule. METHODS Data were obtained from household-based surveys in(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the effects of maternal and provider characteristics on the up-to-date immunization status of children. METHODS We used data from the 2003 National Immunization Survey to determine variations in children's up-to-date status in the 4:3:1:3 immunization series. RESULTS Low maternal educational levels and low socioeconomic status(More)
BACKGROUND The adoption of health information technology has been recommended as a viable mechanism for improving quality of care and patient health outcomes. However, the capacity of health information technology (i.e., availability and use of multiple and advanced functionalities), particularly in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) on improving(More)