Jem J. Rowland

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A large proportion of the 6,000 genes present in the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and of those sequenced in other organisms, encode proteins of unknown function. Many of these genes are "silent, " that is, they show no overt phenotype, in terms of growth rate or other fluxes, when they are deleted from the genome. We demonstrate how the intracellular(More)
Many technologies have been developed to help explain the function of genes discovered by systematic genome sequencing. At present, transcriptome and proteome studies dominate large-scale functional analysis strategies. Yet the metabolome, because it is 'downstream', should show greater effects of genetic or physiological changes and thus should be much(More)
The newly sequenced genome of Streptomyces coelicolor is estimated to encode 7825 theoretical proteins. We have mapped approximately 10% of the theoretical proteome experimentally using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Products from 770 different genes were(More)
The basis of science is the hypothetico-deductive method and the recording of experiments in sufficient detail to enable reproducibility. We report the development of Robot Scientist "Adam," which advances the automation of both. Adam has autonomously generated functional genomics hypotheses about the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and experimentally tested(More)
Direct injection electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) without prior analyte separation was investigated for the analysis of whole cell suspensions of bacteria. Thirty-six strains of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria, consisting of six Bacillus species and one Brevibacillus species, were studied
The in vitro cloning of DNA molecules traditionally uses PCR amplification or site-specific restriction endonucleases to generate linear DNA inserts with defined termini and requires DNA ligase to covalently join those inserts to vectors with the corresponding ends. We have used the properties of Vaccinia DNA topoisomerase I to develop a ligase-free(More)
We investigate a committee-based approach for active learning of real-valued functions. This is a variance-only strategy for selection of informative training data. As such it is shown to suffer when the model class is misspecified since the learner’s bias is high. Conversely, the strategy outperforms passive selection when the model class is very(More)
Diffuse reflectance-absorbance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to analyse 19 hospital isolates which had been identified by conventional means to one Enterococcus faecalis, E. faecium, Streptococcus bovis, S. mitis, S. pneumoniae, or S. pyogenes. Principal components analysis of the FT-IR spectra showed that this 'unsupervised'(More)
Genetic programming, in conjunction with advanced analytical instruments, is a novel tool for the investigation of complex biological systems at the whole-tissue level. In this study, samples from tomato fruit grown hydroponically under both high- and low-salt conditions were analysed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), with the aim of(More)