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Many marine fish and invertebrates show a dual life history where settled adults produce dispersing larvae. The planktonic nature of the early larval stages suggests a passive dispersal model where ocean currents would quickly cause panmixis over large spatial scales and prevent isolation of populations, a prerequisite for speciation. However, high(More)
  • Jelle Atema
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1995
Chemical signals connect most of life's processes, including interorganismal relationships. Detection of chemical signals involves not only recognition of a spectrum of unique compounds or mixtures of compounds but also their spatial and temporal distribution. Both spectral and temporal signal processing determine what is a signal and what is background(More)
While evidence is mounting that larval reef fish are active participants in the process of dispersal and settlement, the sensory and behavioural mechanisms by which these fishes disperse and return from their oceanic phase to the reefs remain unknown. On One Tree Island (Great Barrier Reef, Australia), we tested freshly collected animals in a large(More)
The lobster,Homarus americanus, relies upon its lateral antennules to make initial directional choices in a turbulent odor plume. To determine whether chemical signals provide cues for source direction and distance during orientation, we studied the search patterns of the lobster orienting within a turbulent odor plume. In an odor plume, animals walked(More)
  • Jelle Atema
  • Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology
  • 1985
The chemical stimulus environment is pulsed in nature. Mixtures can identify an odour source with great specificity, and (hence) most chemical signals are mixtures, even when initial research may seem to indicate that single compounds are sufficient to release complete behaviour. Information currents are often necessary to receive chemical stimuli. Receptor(More)
Lobsters are capable of tracking turbulent plumes to their sources faster than can be accomplished by estimating a spatial gradient from time-averaging the concentration signal. We have used RoboLobster, a biomimetic robot lobster to investigate biologically scaled chemotaxis algorithms using two point concentration sampling to track a statistically(More)
The behaviour of lobsters preying on live mussels (Mytilus edulis) was observed before and after chemosensory or chemosensory-mechanosensory deafferentation of different sensory appendages. Deafferentation of the antennules, leg tips, or maxillipeds (but not the carapace or proximal leg segments) interfered with feeding performance by causing an increase in(More)
1. Adaptation and disadaptation rates determine the temporal response properties of sensory receptor cells. In chemoreception, temporal filter properties of receptor cells are poorly understood. We studied the time course of disadaptation in lobster antennular chemoreceptor cells by using in situ high-resolution stimulus measurement and extracellularly(More)
The stimulus integration time of lobster olfactory receptor cells in situ was determined using extracellularly recorded spiking responses from receptor cells and on-line high-resolution measurement of odor square pulses. At a fixed odor concentration, odor steps of 200 ms duration elicited maximum responses; shorter odor steps did not drive the cells to(More)